Proton Transfer Pathways (IMAGE) RIKEN Caption This is a schematic representation of the proton transfer pathways for the NO reduction reaction in cNOR and qNOR, and the proton pumping pathway in COX. The direction of the proton transfer is denoted by red dotted arrows. cNOR has a proton transfer pathway from the outside of the cell to the catalytic site for the NO reduction reaction. In sharp contrast to this, there is no proton transfer pathway from the outside of the cell in qNOR. Unexpectedly, however, we identified a proton transfer pathway from the inside of the cell to the catalytic site in qNOR. In COX, protons are pumped from the inside to the outside of the cell through the catalytic site. The location of the proton transfer pathway we identified in qNOR (pink color) is similar to a part of the proton pumping pathway in COX. Credit RIKEN Usage Restrictions The image may only be used with appropriate caption or credit. License Licensed content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.