Carbon Neutral Infrastructure Transition (IMAGE) DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Caption In the least-cost scenario to achieve net zero emissions of CO2 by 2050, wind, solar, and battery storage capacity will have to increase several-fold (left chart). Vehicles will need to be mostly electric, powered either by batteries or fuel cells (middle charts). Residential space and water heaters will also need to be electrified, powered either by heat pumps or electric heaters (right charts). Credit Williams, et al., 2021 Usage Restrictions None License Licensed content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.