Wastewater and Diazepam (1 of 2) (IMAGE) University of Johannesburg Caption The globally-used anxiety drug Diazepam can now be removed from recycled water and wastewater, using low-cost titanium dioxide nanofibers, says Prof Vinod Gupta from the University of Johannesburg. First marketed as Valium, Diazepam is available in hundreds of brands. The drug is one of three benzodiapezines in the World Health Organisation list of essential medicines, but is also widely abused as an addictive prescription drug. In cities running out of water, removing pharmaceuticals from wastewater in a simple, low cost way is becoming a priority. This 3D image shows Diazepam's molecular structure. Credit CC Roberts, Wikimedia at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Diazepam3d.png Usage Restrictions None License Licensed content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.