News Release

A methodology for regulating fuel stratification and improving fuel economy of GCI mode via double main-injection strategy

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Higher Education Press

Schematic of experimental setup


 Schematic of experimental setup

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Exploring advanced combustion mode with high efficiency and low emissions has been the dream of successive generations of researchers. Conventional diesel engines have high compression ratios thus with thermal efficiencies of 35%–45%, but the diffusion combustion

characteristics of diesel make NOx and soot emissions high. Gasoline compression ignition (GCI) is an advanced combustion mode in the field of internal combustion engines, which combines the advantages of the high efficiency of diesel engines and the low emissions of gasoline engines.  Although the GCI mode can achieve a high efficiency while maintaining low NOx and soot emissions, the GCI combustion still faces problems such as high maximum pressure rise rate (MPRR) and combustion deterioration at high loads.


A research group of Yong QIAN from Shanghai Jiao Tong University proposes a new methodology to improve the problems of high MPRR and combustion deterioration of the GCI mode at high loads. The new methodology called double main-injection (DMI) strategy was that two direct injectors were used for the simultaneously main-injection. By comparing DMI strategy with the single main-injection (SMI) strategy and conventional diesel combustion at high loads, they found that ① the simultaneous main-injection of the two direct injectors can achieve a rapid fuel supply and control of fuel stratification in the DMI mode, ② exhaust gas recirculation has a significant effect on the combustion and emissions of the DMI mode, ③ the DMI strategy achieves a highly efficient and stable combustion of the GCI mode, ④ the DMI strategy can alleviate the requirement of the GCI

mode on injection pressure and improve the problems of high MPRR and combustion deterioration.


The proposed new methodology-DMI strategy can improve the fuel economy and reduce MPRR at high loads, and it is of great significance to GCI mode. These findings were published in Frontiers in Energy on Jan. 10, 2023.

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