News Release

Meet pAblo·pCasso: A new leap in CRISPR Technologies for Next-Gen Genome Engineering

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability

A new CRISPR-Cas toolkit, dubbed “pAblo·pCasso”, is set to transform the landscape of bacterial genome editing, offering unprecedented precision and flexibility in genetic engineering. The new technology, developed by researchers at The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability (DTU Biosustain), expands the range of genome sites available for base-editing and dramatically accelerates the development of bacteria for a wide range of bioproduction applications.

'pAblo·pCasso': Pioneering Precision in Genome Engineering

pAblo·pCasso sets a new standard in CRISPR-Cas technologies. A key innovation is to enable precise and reversible DNA edits within Gram-negative bacteria, a feat not achievable with previous CRISPR systems. The toolkit utilizes specialized fusion enzymes, modified Cas9 coupled with editor modules CBE or ABE, which act like molecular pencils to alter specific DNA nucleotides, thus controlling gene function with exceptional accuracy.


Reversible editing capability and expands the range of possible genomic editing sites

The development of pAblo·pCasso involved overcoming significant challenges. Traditional CRISPR-Cas systems were limited by their need for specific DNA sequences (PAM sequences) near the target site and were less effective in making precise, single-nucleotide changes. pAblo·pCasso transcends these limitations by incorporating advanced Cas-fusion variants that do not require specific PAM sequences, thereby expanding the range of possible genomic editing sites. Furthermore, its reversible editing capability, achieved through specialized enzymes, allows for temporary modifications, essential for dynamic and controlled gene studies.


Breaking the barriers of traditional CRISPR technology

This technology dramatically enhances the capabilities of researchers and industries in engineering bacterial cell factories. By facilitating rapid and precise genetic modifications, pAblo·pCasso accelerates the development of bacteria for a wide array of bioproduction applications, from pharmaceuticals to biofuels, aligning with sustainable production goals.

Professor Pablo I. Nikel from DTU Biosustain says:

"With pAblo·pCasso, we've broken the barriers of traditional CRISPR technology. This toolkit opens up new possibilities for bacterial engineering, bringing us closer to program efficient and sustainable bioproduction with engineered bacteria."


Postdocs Dr. Ekaterina Kozaeva and Manuel Nieto-Domínguez add:

"A major novelty of this approach lies in its ability to access and engineer previously unavailable sites for genome editing, while leaving no traces afterwards. We can now create bacterial cell factories in days instead of months! Tools like the pAblo·pCasso plasmids redefine our approach to genetic manipulation of bacteria, especially atypical ones that are usually more difficult to engineer."


The results are published in the journal Nucleic Acids Research. You can read the open-access paper at

For more information please contact:

Prof. Pablo I. Nikel

Tel: +45 93 51 19 18


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