News Release

Sidewall rockburst of highly stressed D-shape tunnel triggered by impact load

Peer-Reviewed Publication

KeAi Communications Co., Ltd.

The biaxial Hopkinson pressure bar system


The biaxial Hopkinson pressure bar system

view more 

Credit: Wuxing Wu, Fengqiang Gong, Zong-Xian Zhang

Field observations have revealed that highly stressed D-shape tunnel experiences sidewall rockburst triggered by impact loads stemming from rock blasting or other mining-related dynamic disturbances. These phenomena can lead to sidewall failure and violent ejection of rock. The persistent occurrence of rockbursts poses a challenge to the safety construction of deep rock engineering projects. Consequently, there is an urgent need to investigate the sidewall rockburst of D-shape tunnel caused by impact load.

In a study recently published in the KeAi journal Rock Mechanics Bulletin, a team of scientists from Southeast University in China and University of Oulu in Finland conducted a systematic study on sidewall rockburst of D-shape tunnel under impact load. Their aim was to reveal the relevant rockburst processes, rockburst characteristics, and their triggering mechanisms.

“We developed an experimental capability to investigate the sidewall rockburst of the two-dimensional highly stressed D-shape tunnel under impact loading using the biaxial Hopkinson pressure bar system” explains Wuxing Wu, lead author of the study. “Specifically, we focused on the sidewall rockburst process of D-shape specimen during the impact load loading process, examining the failure characteristics, strain field, and displacement deformation characteristics of the surrounding rock under different horizontal prestresses”

The team found that the sidewall failure process of D-shape specimen remained the same albeit under different two-dimensional static stresses, involving both tensile and tensile-shear failure. However, the volume of the V-shape failure zone, affected range of tensile strain concentration zone, as well as severity of rockburst decreased with increasing horizontal prestress.

“These findings suggest that the sidewall rockburst of the highly stressed D-shape hole specimen under impact loading resulted from the interaction between static stress and impact load,” shares Fengqiang Gong, corresponding author of the study. “Static prestresses established the initial stress and strain distribution, while horizontal prestress influenced the affected range and strain values of the strain concentration zone.”

Notably, the impact load disrupted the original stress equilibrium, leading to alterations in the stress and strain of the surrounding rock, ultimately triggering rockbursts.

The team anticipates that their latest finding will garner more attention in the field of deep tunnel rockburst disasters. Above all, they hope that their findings offer valuable insights into the understanding and prevention of rockbursts.



Contact the author: Fengqiang Gong, Professor at School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China,

The publisher KeAi was established by Elsevier and China Science Publishing & Media Ltd to unfold quality research globally. In 2013, our focus shifted to open access publishing. We now proudly publish more than 100 world-class, open access, English language journals, spanning all scientific disciplines. Many of these are titles we publish in partnership with prestigious societies and academic institutions, such as the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC).

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.