News Release

Delirium in the cardiac patient

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Compuscript Ltd

Announcing a new article publication for Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications journal.  The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) defines delirium as a disturbance in attention and awareness that develops over a short period and involves fluctuation in severity. This profile is also accompanied by an additional disturbance in cognition (e.g., memory), which are not explained by a preexisting neurocognitive disorder. Arousal levels, such as those in patients in a coma, must also not be severely reduced. Finally, to make the diagnosis of delirium, there must be evidence that the disturbance is a direct physiological consequence of another medical condition, substance intoxication or withdrawal, exposure to a toxin, or due to multiple etiologies.

Delirium is common in patients undergoing cardiac surgery; with estimates ranging from 26% to 52%. In cardiac intensive care units, patients with delirium have more extended hospital and ICU stays; increased healthcare costs; and greater morbidity, mortality, and risk of cognitive decline. Additionally, the duration of delirium is an independent risk factor for worse cognition at long-term follow-up over 1 year. When delirium is recognized, tailored work-up and intervention for the underlying cause can reduce the duration of delirium and its negative consequences.

CVIA is available on the ScienceOpen platform and at Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications. Submissions may be made using ScholarOne Manuscripts. There are no author submission or article processing fees. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications is indexed in the EMBASE, EBSCO, ESCI, OCLC, Primo Central (Ex Libris), Sherpa Romeo, NISC (National Information Services Corporation), DOAJ, Index Copernicus, Research4Life and Ulrich’s web Databases. Follow CVIA on Twitter @CVIA_Journal; or Facebook.

Benjamin A. Chapin, Catherine C. Price and Nila S. Radhakrishnan. Delirium in the Cardiac Patient. CVIA. 2024. Vol. 9(1). DOI: 10.15212/CVIA.2024.0028

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