News Release

Single pixel imaging enabled by fiber laser arrays is expected to achieve remote detection

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Higher Education Press

Efficient single-pixel imaging based on fiber laser arrays


Efficient single-pixel imaging based on fiber laser arrays. 

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Credit: Wenchang Lai, Guozhong Lei, Qi Meng, Yan Wang, Yanxing Ma, Hao Liu, Wenda Cui, Kai Han

Single-pixel imaging (SPI) is a novel computational imaging technique which has been widely studied in recent years. This technique only uses a single pixel detector without spatial resolution to obtain the spatial information of the target. It has the unique advantages making up for the lack of traditional imaging technology based on array detectors, such as remote sensing, non-visible light imaging and so on, where the array detectors are relatively immature or more expensive. The imaging speed of SPI is always limited by the refresh speed of spatial light modulator. For example, the typical digital micro-mirror device (DMD) has a max refreshing rate with 22 kHz at binary mode. This limitation makes it difficult to achieve real-time SPI. 


Researchers led by Prof. Kai Han at National University of Defense Technology (NUDT), China, are interested in single-pixel imaging and fiber laser array. They propose an efficient scheme for SPI utilizing a phase-controlled fiber laser array and an untrained deep neural network. The fiber lasers are arranged in a compact hexagonal structure and coherently combined to generate illuminating light fields. Through the utilization of high-speed electro-optic modulators in each individual fiber laser module, the randomly modulated fiber laser array enables rapid speckle projection onto the object of interest. Furthermore, the untrained deep neural network is incorporated into the image reconstructing process to enhance the quality of the reconstructed images. Given its potential for high emitting power (~ kW) and rapid modulation (~ MHz), the researchers predict that the SPI scheme is expected to be applied to remote sensing, target detection and so on. The work entitled “Efficient single-pixel imaging based on a compact fiber laser array and untrained neural network” was published on Frontiers of Optoelectronics (published on Apr. 8, 2024).


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