Article Highlight | 2-Jul-2024

GCARDTI: Drug-Target Interaction prediction based on the hybrid mechanism in drug SELFIES

Higher Education Press

The identification of drug-target Interactions (DTIs) represents a pivotal link in the process of drug development and design. It plays a crucial role in narrowing the screening range of candidate drug molecules, thereby facilitating the reuse of drug, reducing the cost of drug development, and improving the efficiency of drug development.

Recently, Quantitative Biology published an original research article entitled "GCARDTI: Drug-target Interaction prediction based on the hybrid mechanism in drug SELFIES ", which showed the utilization of drug SELFIES and the mechanism of mixing GCN and GAT demonstrated satisfactory performance.

The GCARDTI model, as shown in Figure 1, uses highly robust drug SELFIES combined with target sequences to build heterogeneous networks, and input them into a hybrid mechanism of graph learning module to capture high-dimensional features in the latent space of drugs and targets. Graph convolutional neural networks automatically capture the structural information of drugs and target molecules by updating the feature vectors of adjacent atoms connected by chemical bonds. The attention module of the graph attention network is used to identify the contribution of the corresponding substructure to each drug and target. Finally, a layer graph convolutional neural network is used to aggregate the substructure information of each drug and target, and update its feature vector, so as to obtain low-dimensional and effective information of drugs and tarets. By testing on data sets from two different sources, it is found that the GCARDTI model outperforms HIN2VEC, EVENT2VEC, HEER, GATNE, PGCNand, DTI-HETA in some aspects.

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