News Release

Tensor-force effects on nuclear matter in relativistic ab initio theory

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Science China Press

Tensor-force effects on nuclear matter.


The binding energies per particle for (a) symmetric nuclear matter (SNM) and (b) pure neutron matter (PNM) calculated with (solid lines and full symbols) and without (dotted lines and empty symbols) tensor forces. (c) The symmetry energy difference obtained by performing the RBHF calculations with and without tensor force.

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Credit: ©Science China Press

This study is led by Prof. Jie Meng (State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University). Numerical modeling and theoretical analyses were conducted mainly by Dr. Sibo Wang (Department of Physics and Chongqing Key Laboratory for Strongly Coupled Physics, Chongqing University).

Tensor force is a crucial ingredient of the nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction, and has an important impact on the structural and dynamical properties of the nuclear many-body system. Many efforts have been devoted to studying the influence of the tensor force in the effective NN interaction in the nuclear medium. But less is known for the tensor-force effects from realistic NN interactions.

Starting from realistic NN interaction, the authors systematically study the tensor-force effects on the equation of state and symmetry energy of the nuclear matter within the relativistic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (RBHF) theory, which is one of the most important relativistic ab initio methods. For the binding energies per particle of symmetric nuclear matter (SNM) and the symmetry energy, the tensor-force effects are attractive and are more pronounced around the empirical saturation density. For pure neutron matter, the tensor- force effects are marginal.

This study also shows that the strong tensor force make the neutron-proton system deviate from the unitary limit. By tuning the tensor-force strength, the dilute SNM is located at the unitary limit. With only the interaction in the 3S1-3D1 channel considered, the ground-state energy of dilute SNM is found proportional to that of a free Fermi gas with a scaling factor 0.38, which reveals good universal properties for four-component unitary Fermi gas (spin-1/2 and isospin-1/2).

This work paves the way to study the tensor-force effects in neutron stars as well as finite nuclei from realistic nucleon-nucleon interactions. This work also highlights the role of the tensor force on the deviation of the nuclear physics to the unitary limit and provides valuable reference for studies of the four-component unitary Fermi gas.

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