With funding from Temasek Foundation, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) researchers have developed an interactive educational tool called the i-Tile, which makes learning more engaging for children with special needs.
Working with teachers from the Movement for the Intellectually Disabled of Singapore (MINDS) Fernvale Gardens School, NTU researchers developed lessons based on the i-Tile technology.
Since 2018, the i-Tile learning activities were trialled at the MINDS Fernvale Gardens School - a school for children and youth with moderate to severe intellectual disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
Research findings from the trials suggest that the design of the i-Tile learning activities, which incorporate purposeful movement, game-like elements and responsive audio-visual feedback, are effective in increasing and sustaining student engagement. The i-Tile lessons were also observed to help students learn values such as the need to take turns and teamwork.
The reconfigurable nature of the i-Tile system also allows teachers to adapt and design new learning activities to meet their students' diverse learning needs. Teachers are keen on using the i-Tiles to help students remember their personal information, such as their telephone numbers and their home address, or to teach students money skills and how to shop for items in a supermarket.
The project was started in 2015 by NTU Associate Professor Goh Wooi Boon, who noticed that most children seem to be more engaged and energetic when they are moving around and playing with their friends.
"We set out to develop appropriate low-cost technology, which the teachers can readily incorporate movement, play and collaboration into their lessons, so that it engages the students in their learning," said Assoc Prof Goh, Associate Chair (Faculty) of the School of Computer Science and Engineering.
Professor Leo Tan, Chairman of Temasek Foundation Innovates, said: "The i-Tiles technology is a novel solution that helps children not only learn better, but bring about important lifelong skills. We are pleased to support practical and sustainable research that creates a better life for everyone in Singapore."
Ms Koh Gee May, deputy CEO of MINDS said, "The students who are involved in the project have gained huge strides not only in academic areas but also in other areas such as the ability to display great sportsmanship, and communication and interpersonal skills. Students have become more confident in reading and spelling as the programme provides immediate feedback once they complete the tasks.
"As the programme involves interactive, collaborative and competitive play, it encourages our students to engage with one another in its play, thus enabling the students to work together and at the same time, show respect and generosity to their fellow competitors. The beauty of it all is that the technology used is easy to learn and versatile so teachers can customise it to suit students' varying learning needs and achieve individual goals."
Moving forward, Prof Goh will be working with the teachers from MINDS Fernvale Gardens School to scale up the lessons to other classes, training more teachers in the use of the teaching tool and customising learning resources to meet future learning needs.
If successful, the i-Tile learning system and pedagogy could be rolled out to the other MINDS schools and will also be available for licensing from NTU.
How the i-Tile system works
The i-Tile system consists of two tablet computers and a custom-designed card-reader (the i-Tile) that can detect objects with Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) such as a picture or alphabet card. The teacher facilitates the lesson using one tablet computer, whilst the other tablet computer acts as a coordinated remote display and is connected to the classroom's projection display.
For instance, an image of an apple would appear on the screen and the student will have to move up to the front to select the corresponding word card and tap it against the i-Tile, which would then respond with the appropriate light and sound, indicating whether the choice is correct.
A variety of cards can be programmed by teachers allowing them to conduct an inclusive lesson with a class of students with differing levels of competencies. While one student can visually match using picture cards, another can spell using the correct sequence of alphabet cards. It is observed that each student feels a sense of accomplishment at his or her respective level of ability.
Compared to regular lessons, teachers involved in the trial unanimously agreed that the i-Tile lessons generated more motivation for their students. Some students look forward expectantly to the next lesson, wanting to excel and get the right answers. This positive attitude in learning gave the students a sense of pride in their achievement and sustained their engagement.
One teacher said her students have made efforts to practise their spelling lessons at home to improve their sight words which are frequently used words that young children are encouraged to memorise for ease of recognition. In particular, two students had made a marked improvement in their learning thanks to the i-Tile lessons, with one receiving a Good Progress award and the other a Merit award from the school at its year-end award ceremony.
Started in Oct 2015, this project is supported by Temasek Foundation through its SMF Research Grant Programme.
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About Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
A research-intensive public university, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) has 33,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students in the Engineering, Business, Science, Humanities, Arts, & Social Sciences, and Graduate colleges. It also has a medical school, the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, set up jointly with Imperial College London.
NTU is also home to world-class autonomous institutes - the National Institute of Education, S Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Earth Observatory of Singapore, and Singapore Centre for Environmental Life Sciences Engineering - and various leading research centres such as the Nanyang Environment & Water Research Institute (NEWRI) and Energy Research Institute @ NTU (ERI@N).
Ranked 12th in the world, NTU has also been placed the world's top young university for the past five years. The University's main campus is frequently listed among the Top 15 most beautiful university campuses in the world and it has 57 Green Mark-certified (equivalent to LEED-certified) building projects comprising more than 230 buildings, of which 95% are certified Green Mark Platinum. Apart from its main campus, NTU also has a campus in Singapore's healthcare district.
For more information, visit http://www.ntu.edu.sg
About Temasek Foundation Innovates
Temasek Foundation Innovates is a Singapore-based non-profit philanthropic organisation that funds and supports programmes focusing on developing practical solutions for a better life through research and development. Established in 2016, it aims to strengthen research capabilities by nurturing talents, as well as encouraging cross collaborations.
The Foundation manages the Singapore Millennium Foundation Research Grant Programme, under which competitive grant calls have taken place annually since 2011. The Foundation also supports the Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory.
Temasek Foundation Innovates and the other Temasek Foundations were established by Temasek to better serve the evolving needs of the wider community, reinforcing its approach to sustainable giving. Since its inception in 1974, Temasek has established 19 endowments, which focus on building people, building communities, building capabilities and rebuilding lives.
For more information on the Temasek family of Foundations, please visit http://www.temasekfoundation.org.sg.
For more information on Temasek Foundation Innovates, please visit http://www.temasekfoundation-innovates.org.sg.