New York, May 4, 2020 -- New Yorkers now think that the worst of the COVID-19 epidemic has passed but remain cautious about resuming normal activities. Many say they will not participate fully in everyday life until a vaccine is available. These are the major findings of the eighth weekly city and statewide tracking survey from the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health & Health Policy (CUNY SPH) conducted May 1-3.
"New Yorkers are realists first and foremost," said Dr. Ayman El-Mohandes, Dean of CUNY SPH. "They know we can't just flip a switch and go back to the way things were. Many people believe a safe, effective coronavirus vaccine is essential to restoring public confidence, which suggests that they know they are facing a fairly long period of uncertainty, even with the expedited vaccine development program now under way."
Less than half (46%) of New Yorkers now think they are at high risk of getting sick with the virus, the lowest percentage since the second week of polling, when it was at 43% before peaking at 58% the following week. However, 53% of this week's respondents said they know someone who has tested positive for the coronavirus, which is the highest reported since the start of the survey two months ago. The percentage of both African American and Caucasian respondents who reported knowing someone who tested positive increased significantly to 61%. Findings were unchanged among Latinx/Hispanics this week (46%), while the percentage of Asians who reported knowing someone who tested positive rose to 35% from 21% in week 7.
Reports of social isolation dropped last week for the first time in a month, with 35% reporting not feeling socially connected at all, down from 43% in weeks 4 and 6. New Yorkers also appeared to be coping better with mental stress. A third (33%) of this past week's respondents report feeling anxious and less than a quarter (24%) felt depressed more than half the time over the past two weeks. This is down considerably from earlier reports, when 40% reported anxiety and 32% said they felt depressed more than half the time.
A Vaccine as the Key to 'Normalcy'
We asked New Yorkers how comfortable they would feel about participating in a number of activities if business reopened June 1st with some spacing precautions. Responses listed below indicate the desire of New Yorkers to prioritize certain activities they consider essential after June 1st.
- 65% of respondents said they would make a routine doctor's visit June 1st but 7% will wait until a vaccine is available
- 48% said they would take part in recreational activities like going to the beach or a park June 1st but 18% say they will wait until a vaccine is available
- 46% said they would go to a hairdresser June 1st but 12% say they will wait until a vaccine is available
- 31% said they would go to the gym June 1st but 20% say they will wait until a vaccine is available
- 31% said they would go to a restaurant June 1st but 14% say they will wait until a vaccine is available
- 23% said yes to going to the theatre on June 1st but 29% say they will wait until a vaccine is available
- 16% said yes to attending an outdoor activity with over 500 people in attendance June 1st but 31% say they will wait until a vaccine is available
These percentages varied by age and income level. Younger groups were consistently more willing to venture back into 'normal' life, while those in lower income categories were less willing.
The number of New Yorkers who said they would take a coronavirus vaccine when it becomes available is now quite high, under the right circumstances. More than 3 in ten (31%) said they would take the vaccine immediately. An additional (48%) said they would if their doctor recommended it, and another 8% would if it were required by their school or employer. The remaining 12% of New York City residents said they would not take a coronavirus vaccine and almost all of those (82%) said they would not take the vaccine because they are worried about vaccine side effects.
"When seven in eight New Yorkers say they would take a proven safe and effective coronavirus vaccine, that is cause for optimism. However, to reach that level of community protection we will have to mount a major vaccine education initiative. Our already overburdened physicians and health system will need support for the front-line communication responsibilities that our respondents expect their doctor to do. Meeting this health communication challenge will require almost as much effort as the vaccine development process itself," stated Dr. Scott Ratzan, Distinguished Lecturer at CUNY SPH.
Food Security: Paying for Food and Paying Grocery Workers
Since March 1, 44% of households said they are worried they would run out of food before they had money to buy more. Those reporting the greatest concern are lower income households (56%) and Latinx/Hispanic households (65%). In response to a related question 30% of New Yorkers reported not having money to buy food, a serious problem that disproportionately impacts younger, lower income, and Latinx/Hispanic households.
"These findings show food insecurity levels in New York City three times higher than before the epidemic. This and our previous surveys provides further evidence that the COVID-19 epidemic is having a disproportionate impact on New York City's Latinx/Hispanic population, who report higher rates of food insecurity, loss of health insurance and loss of employment than other population groups," said Nicholas Freudenberg, Distinguished Professor of Public Health at the CUNY SPH. "As the city launches relief programs, it will need to make sure they are reaching Latinx/Hispanic communities."
This week the New York City Council will hold a hearing on 'bonus pay' for essential workers like grocery store employees for bonuses of $30 to $75 per shift throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Eighty percent (80%) of New Yorkers surveyed supported bonus pay. When asked how this program should be funded, 60% thought the bonus should be paid by the city while 40% thought it should be paid by the groceries or retailers. A fifth (20%) of respondents did not think the City Council had the authority to mandate bonus pay from retailers.
The complete survey results and related commentary can be found at https://sph.cuny.edu/research/covid-19-tracking-survey/week-8 and JHC Impact, an initiative of the Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives.
The CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy (CUNY SPH) survey was conducted by Emerson College Polling from May 1-3, 2020 (week 8). This tracking effort started March 13-15 (week 1) and continued with questions fielded March 20-22 (week 2) and March 27-29 (week 3), April 3-5, 2020 (week 4), April 10-12, 2020 (week 5), April 17-29 (week 6), April 24-26, 2020 (week 7).
The sample for the NY Statewide and New York City results were both, n=1,000, with a Credibility Interval (CI) similar to a poll's margin of error (MOE) of +/- 3 percentage points. The data sets were weighted by gender, age, ethnicity, education and region based on the 2018 1-year American Community Survey model. It is important to remember that subsets based on gender, age, ethnicity and region carry with them higher margins of error, as the sample size is reduced. In the New York City results, data was collected using an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system of landlines (n=497), SMS-to-online (n=272) and an online panel provided by MTurk and Survey Monkey (n=232). In the Statewide results, data was collected using an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system of landlines (n=472), SMS-to-online (n=292) and an online panel provided by MTurk and Survey Monkey (n=237).
In the statewide survey regions were broken out into the following:
- Region 1: Long Island 14.7% (USC1-4), Shirley, Seaford, Glen Cove, Garden City
- Region 2: NYC 45.3% (USC 5-16) Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Staten Island, Bronx
- Region 3: Upstate 40% (USC 17-27): Albany, Harrison, Carmel, Rhinebeck, Amsterdam, Schuylerville, Utica, Corning, Irondequoit, Buffalo, Rochester
The CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy (CUNY SPH) is committed to teaching, research, and service that creates a healthier New York City and helps promote equitable, efficient, and evidence-based solutions to pressing health problems facing cities around the world.
Journal of Health Communication