Paris, France - 23 Aug 2019: Teacher training followed by classroom education with information, activities, and emotional support improves lifestyles in teachers and students, according to research to be presented at ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology.(1) The study suggests that knowledge alone is insufficient to change behaviour.
"Numerous studies have addressed health issues in the school setting, but most have focused on physical activity and nutrition, with little attention to emotional issues such as self-esteem, depression and eating behaviours," said study author Dr Carolinne Santin Dal Ri, a paediatrician at the Institute of Cardiology of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
The Happy Life, Healthy Heart programme randomly allocated ten public schools in the city of Frederico Westphalen, Brazil, to the intervention group (five schools) or control group (five schools). The study included 473 students aged 6 to 12 and 32 teachers. Baseline assessments included weight, height, physical activity, food intake, and health knowledge in children; and physical activity and food consumption in teachers. Measurements were repeated after the intervention was completed.
The intervention had two stages: teacher training followed by students in the classroom. Teachers attended four meetings over a four-month period, were given a booklet, and had access to video lessons. The material was in seven chapters:
- 1) risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in childhood;
2) choice of healthy foods;
3) food labelling;
4) sodium, sugars and fats;
5) emotional health and quality of life;
6) physical activity; and
7) healthy practices and changes in habits.
Each section contained theory plus suggestions for classroom activities based on the theme, age of the children, and intended goals.
In the classroom, teachers covered one theme per week, including at least one activity.(2) Teachers were free to choose or amend the activities and could incorporate them into projects based on the school's syllabus. To encourage teacher participation, a group was created on a social network where they received messages and reminders from the researcher on the topic they were supposed to work on. Teachers also shared their own experiences. The researcher visited the intervention schools to stimulate teachers and offer guidance.
For the control group schools, teachers did not participate in the training course and students attended the school's usual classes about health and healthy eating based on the curriculum.
Both students and teachers benefitted from the intervention. The proportion of students following Brazilian Food Guide advice to avoid pizza/hamburgers and soft drinks increased significantly by 15% and 20%, respectively. In addition, there was a 28% increase in the number of teachers who were physically active.
Dr Santin Dal Ri said: "Children in both the intervention and control groups increased their level of health knowledge during the study. But only those in the intervention group changed their eating behaviours. This suggests that information on its own does not lead to lifestyle improvements. In our study, a programme that combined information with playful activities and emotional support was beneficial for children and teachers."
Notes to editors
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Funding: This work was funded by CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) and FAPICC (Fundo de Apoio à Pesquisa do Instituto de Cardiologia do RS/FUC), of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Disclosures: The author states there is no conflict of interests.
References and notes
(1) The abstract "Health education program at the "happy life, healthy heart" school: a randomized clinical trial" will be presented during Poster Session 7: Public health on Tuesday 3 September at 14:00 to 18:00 CEST in the Poster Area.
(2) The classroom intervention was scheduled for seven uninterrupted weeks. However, due to a state teachers' strike, in four schools there was an average 45-day interruption at the end of week five, after which the intervention was completed. The fifth school was not affected by the strike and followed the initial schedule.
ESC Congress is the world's largest gathering of cardiovascular professionals contributing to global awareness of the latest clinical trials and breakthrough discoveries. ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology takes place from 31 August to 4 September at the Expo Porte de Versailles in Paris, France. Explore the scientific programme. http://spo.escardio.org/default.aspx?eevtid=1423
The European Society of Cardiology brings together health care professionals from more than 150 countries, working to advance cardiovascular medicine and help people lead longer, healthier lives.
This press release accompanies a presentation at ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Society of Cardiology.