News Release

NASA examines Tropical Storm Gonzalo's structural changes

Peer-Reviewed Publication

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Aqua image of Gonzalo

image: NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible image to forecasters of Tropical Storm Gonzalo in the central North Atlantic Ocean on July 22, 2020. view more 

Credit: Credit: NASA Worldview

Visible and microwave imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite indicated Tropical Storm Gonzalo was slightly less organized than it was on the previous day.

Gonzalo formed in the central North Atlantic Ocean on July 21 and is moving west.

The Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer or MODIS instrument that flies aboard NASA's Aqua satellite captured a visible image of Gonzalo late on July 22. The image was created by NASA Worldview at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. The July 22 visible image of Gonzalo showed a central dense overcast that had become a bit ragged. The banding of thunderstorms seen in earlier images had dissipated.

Microwave imagery captured at 12:53 a.m. EDT (0452 UTC) on July 23 from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder or AIRS instrument also aboard Aqua, indicated a small convective ring (rising air that forms the thunderstorms that make up a tropical cyclone) was present under the overcast. At 11 a.m. EDT, the National Hurricane Center noted, "Recently-obtained microwave data from overnight shows that Gonzalo's center is a little farther south than previously estimated."

On July 23, NHC forecaster Robbie Berg noted, "The storm's structure has become a little disheveled since yesterday, with the deep convection losing some organization."

Hurricane Watch in Effect

On July 23, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) issued a Hurricane Watch for Barbados and St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Gonzalo's Status on July 23

The National Hurricane Center (NHC) said at 11 a.m. EDT (1500 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Gonzalo was located near latitude 9.6 degrees north and longitude 48.3 degrees west.  That is about 885 miles (1,425 km) east of the Southern Windward Islands Gonzalo is moving toward the west near 14 mph (22 kph). A westward to west-northwestward motion with an increase in forward speed is expected through the weekend.

Maximum sustained winds are near 65 mph (100 kph) with higher gusts. Gonzalo is a small storm, and tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 35 miles (55 km) from the center. The estimated minimum central pressure is 997 millibars.

NHC provided two key messages about the storm:

    1. There is an increasing risk of wind and rain impacts from Gonzalo in portions of the southern Windward Islands this weekend; however, there is significant uncertainty in how strong Gonzalo will be when it moves across the islands.
    2. Despite the uncertainty in Gonzalo's future intensity, hurricane conditions are possible across portions of the southern Windward Islands. Hurricane Watches are currently in effect for Barbados and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and additional watches for other islands could be required later today. Interests in the southern Windward Islands should monitor the progress of Gonzalo and follow any advice given by local officials.

NHC said, "Some strengthening is forecast during the next couple of days, and Gonzalo could become a hurricane tonight or on Friday. On the forecast track, the center of Gonzalo will approach the southern Windward Islands Friday night and move across the islands Saturday and Saturday evening."


NASA's Aqua satellite is one in a fleet of NASA satellites that provide data for hurricane research.

Tropical cyclones/hurricanes are the most powerful weather events on Earth. NASA's expertise in space and scientific exploration contributes to essential services provided to the American people by other federal agencies, such as hurricane weather forecasting.

For updated forecasts, visit:

By Rob Gutro
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.