Scientists have developed a 3-D printing method capable of producing highly uniform 'blocks' of embryonic stem cells.
These cells - capable of generating all cell types in the body - could be used as the 'Lego bricks' to build tissue constructs, larger structures of tissues, and potentially even micro-organs.
The results are published today, Wednesday 4th November, in the journal Biofabrication.
"It was really exciting to see that we could grow embryoid body in such a controlled manner", explains Wei Sun, a lead author on the paper. "The grown embryoid body is uniform and homogenous, and serves as a much better starting point for further tissue growth."
The researchers, based at Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, and Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA, used extrusion-based 3-D printing to produce a grid-like 3-D structure to grow embryoid body that demonstrated cell viability and rapid self-renewal for 7 days while maintaining high pluripotentcy.
"Two other common methods of printing these cells are either two-dimensional (in a petri dish) or via the 'suspension' method (where a 'stalagmite' of cells is built up by material being dropped via gravity.)" continues Wei Sun. "However, these don't show the same cell uniformity and homogenous proliferation."
"I think that we've produced a 3-D microenvironment which is much more like that found in vivo for growing embryoid body, which explains the higher levels of cell proliferation."
The researchers hope that this technique can be developed to produce embryoid body at a high throughput, providing the basic building blocks for other researchers to perform experiments on tissue regeneration and/or for drug screening studies.
"Our next step is to find out more about how we can vary the size of the embryoid body by changing the printing and structural parameters, and how varying the embryoid body size leads to "manufacture" of different cell types" adds Rui Yao, another author on the paper.
"In the longer term, we'd like to produce controlled heterogeneous embryonic bodies" concludes Wei Sun. "This would promote different cell types developing next to each other - which would lead the way for growing micro-organs from scratch within the lab."
Notes to Editors
IOP Publishing Press Release
UNDER EMBARGO UNTIL: 00.01 GMT 4TH NOVEMBER 2015
For further information, a full draft of the journal paper, or to talk with one of the researchers, contact IOP Senior Press Officer, Steve Pritchard: Tel: 0117 930 1032 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information on how to use the embargoed material above, please refer to our embargo policy.
Three-dimensional bioprinting of embryonic stem cells directs highly uniform embryoid body formation
The published version of the paper 'Three-dimensional bioprinting of embryonic stem cells directs highly uniform embryoid body formation' (Biofabrication 7 044101) will be freely available online from Wednesday 4th November. It will be available at http://iopscience.iop.org/1758-5090/7/4/044101. DOI: 10.1088/2057-1976/1/4/045001
Biofabrication is a journal focusing on using cells, proteins, biomaterials and/or other bioactive elements as building blocks to fabricate advanced biological models, medical therapeutic products and non-medical biological systems.
IOP Publishing provides publications through which leading-edge scientific research is distributed worldwide.
Beyond our traditional journals programme, we make high-value scientific information easily accessible through an ever-evolving portfolio of books, community websites, magazines, conference proceedings and a multitude of electronic services.
IOP Publishing is central to the Institute of Physics, a not-for-profit society. Any financial surplus earned by IOP Publishing goes to support science through the activities of the Institute.
Go to ioppublishing.org or follow us @IOPPublishing.
The Institute of Physics
The Institute of Physics is a leading scientific society. We are a charitable organisation with a worldwide membership of more than 50,000, working together to advance physics education, research and application.
We engage with policymakers and the general public to develop awareness and understanding of the value of physics and, through IOP Publishing, we are world leaders in professional scientific communications.