News Release

App helps C-section patients reduce length of hospital stay after delivery

Research presented at PRACTICE MANAGEMENT™ 2017 demonstrates value of perioperative surgical home, physician-led care

Peer-Reviewed Publication

American Society of Anesthesiologists

GRAPEVINE, Texas - Women who used a smartphone app as part of a Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) program were released from the hospital sooner after delivering their babies via cesarean section, according to a study presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2017 meeting. This study, and other research presented at the meeting, highlight how PSH programs and physician-led care lead to improved quality of care, while lowering costs:

Smartphone app empowers C-section patients: Women scheduled for C-sections downloaded a special app on their smartphones four weeks prior to the procedure as part of a PSH, a patient-centered, physician-led, team-based model of coordinated care that spans the entire surgical experience, from the decision to have surgery to discharge and beyond. The app reminded them of appointments, provided pre-surgery information -- such as when to start and stop medications - and facilitated remote post-surgery health checks such as pain control and wound recovery. Researchers reported on the first 30 women using the app and found the average length of hospital stay after delivery decreased from 3.7 days to 2.7 days. The program is the first in the United States to employ enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) for C-section. An element of the PSH, ERAS programs use a variety of methods to ease the effects of surgery and fast-track patient recovery. When factoring in the cost savings of shorter hospital stays with the cost of the resources required to participate in the program and develop and implement the app, the return on investment was significant - 216 percent the first year and an estimated 282 percent in subsequent years, researchers note. While it is too soon to report quality outcomes such as surgical site infections, urinary tract infections and patient satisfaction, early results are promising, said study author Attila Kett, M.D., M.B.A., division chief of obstetric anesthesia at Saint Peter's University Hospital, New Brunswick, N.J. While federal law requires insurance companies pay for 96 hours of hospitalization after C-section, it is safe and preferable to leave the hospital sooner if the physician determines the mother and baby are healthy and the mother agrees, he said. "The app empowers women by putting them in control of their health care needs," said Dr. Kett.

Revamped pre-anesthesia clinics improve patient care: To improve and standardize patient care, Cleveland Clinic created a centralized, flexible, anesthesia-led model of preoperative care that followed the same guidelines-driven clinical protocols, practice management, resources, staffing models and process flows at all 14 of their pre-anesthesia clinics. The new Pre-Anesthesia Consultation Clinics (PACC) concept included changes such as centralizing and streamlining the scheduling process, updating protocols to reflect a more evidence-based approach and enabling patients to have their pre-surgery evaluation at any of the clinics, regardless of where the surgery would take place, said study author Maureen Keshock, M.D., M.S.H.A., assistant medical director PACC at Cleveland Clinic. The rollout of the large project throughout the Clinic Enterprise required attention to metrics and frequent assessment of staffing needs. At one point during the rollout, patients were only seen an average of two days prior to surgery. After evaluating staffing needs and changing the process in which PACC visits were scheduled, patients were seen an average of 10 days before surgery. This gave providers more time to assess and address issues before surgery, such as prescribing medications early enough to prevent anemia and reducing the need for blood products. Another metric followed was the number of patients calling to schedule their surgeries or ask questions who hung up before an operator addressed the call. This dropped-call metric during the lowest point of the rollout was 18 percent. Three additional scheduling operators were added and that number decreased to 1.9 percent. This single model of service throughout the organization eliminated redundancies, saving an estimated $1.4 million in annual operating costs. "Patient care was improved by decreasing variability and creating a unified set of anesthesia guidelines," said Dr. Keshock.

Anesthesia care team increases efficiency: The 2008 implementation of an anesthesia care team at Memorial Hermann Hospital-Texas Medical Center in Houston - the nation's largest level 1 trauma center - led to more efficient care, increased volume and improved employee satisfaction, a retrospective study shows. The most effective aspect of the program was the change in culture as a result of creating effective teams, improving communication and establishing accountability, said study author Carin A. Hagberg, M.D., former chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Texas Medical School at Houston and current division head of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Changes implemented included: real-time tracking of all surgical cases, which eased staffing assignments and enhanced communication; organizing surgical service lines into a pod system (for example, putting general, gynecological and urological surgeries together), which improved efficiency, quality of patient care and surgical team satisfaction; and employing anesthesiologist assistants as members of the care team to help manage service expansion. From 2009 to 2015, operating room volume increased by 33 percent. First case on-time starts improved from 66 percent in 2009 to more than 80 percent by 2010. Case cancellations decreased from 4 percent in 2009 to 1 percent in 2010. From 2009 to 2015 physician satisfaction scores increased from 20 percent to 91 percent and overall surgical team satisfaction improved with composite scores increasing 23 percent or more. "Strategic partnership between the hospital and physician group, as well as the support of administrators, nursing staff and surgeons enabled successful change in the culture of care," said Dr. Hagberg.



PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2017, the premier educational event for physician anesthesiologists and practice administrators, will take place January 27-29 at the Gaylord Texan Resort & Convention Center in Grapevine, Texas. The meeting helps physician anesthesiologists stay up-to-date on the latest legislative and regulatory changes, new payment models and technology advancements affecting today's anesthesiology practice. Like the American Society of Anesthesiologists on Facebook, follow ASALifeline on Twitter and use the hashtag #ASAPM17.


Founded in 1905, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) is an educational, research and scientific society with more than 52,000 members organized to raise and maintain the standards of the medical practice of anesthesiology. ASA is committed to ensuring that physician anesthesiologists evaluate and supervise the medical care of patients before, during, and after surgery to provide the highest quality and safest care that every patient deserves.

For more information on the field of anesthesiology, visit the American Society of Anesthesiologists online at To learn more about the role physician anesthesiologists play in ensuring patient safety, visit

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