A new geological model developed by Professor Lyal Harris, INRS Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre, and Geological Survey of Canada researcher Jean Bédard has been selected as one of ten 2014 Discoveries of the Year by the magazine Québec Science. The model is based on new findings from the planet Venus and could revolutionize mineral exploration in the subprovinces of Abitibi and Opatica (Northern Québec) and in equivalent terranes in Ontario featuring very old (Archean) geological formations rich in metals.
Researchers Harris and Bédard looked at radar imagery and data on Venus's gravitational field provided by NASA and found similarities between the data for geological structures around a northern polar plateau on Venus and that associated with the India-Asia collision zone on Earth. Since Venus is a planet without plate tectonics, what could explain this phenomenon? The researchers proposed that mantle currents created by upwelling plumes were pushing against a kind of keel on the underside of this Venusian "continent." This, they believe, could explain the formation of mountain chains and strike-slip faults on the margins of the moving "continent"-like region.
Harris and Bédard are using their new geological model to write a new chapter in geological history, preparing the way for a plate tectonics-free interpretation of Archean (3.85 Ga to 2.5 Ga) terranes that contradicts currently accepted theories.
Harris and Bédard discuss their proposed tectonic mechanism in the following three texts published in 2014:
- "Interactions between continent-like ?drift?, rifting, and mantle flow on Venus: gravity interpretations and Earth analogues", Platz, T., Massironi, M., Byrne, P., & Hiesinger, H. (Eds.), Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Solar System, Geological Society of London Special Publication 401, doi: 10.1144/SP401.9.
- "Crustal evolution and deformation in a non-plate tectonic Archaean Earth: Comparisons with Venus", Dilek Y., Furnes H. (Eds.), Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life, Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences 7, Springer, Chapter 9, 215-288.
- "Neoarchean disaggregation and reassembly of the Superior Craton," Geology, November 2014, doi: 10.1130/G35770.1.
- Bédard, J. H., Harris, L. B., Thurston, P. (2013). "The hunting of the snArc," Precambrian Research 229: 20-48.
2014 Discovery of the Year: People's Choice Québec Science magazine invites the public to vote on which of the 10 jury panel selections is the biggest of the year. The discovery with the most votes as of February 19, 2015, will receive the People's Choice Award. Vote at http://www.quebecscience.qc.ca/decouverte2014.
Institut national de recherche scientifique (INRS) is a graduate-level research and training university and ranks first in Canada for research intensity (average grant funding per faculty member). INRS brings together some 150 professors as well as 700 students and postdoctoral fellows at its four centres in Montreal, Quebec City, Laval, and Varennes. Its applied and fundamental research is essential to the advancement of science in Quebec and internationally even as it plays a key role in the development of concrete solutions to the problems faced by our society.