News Release

ESA releases free collection of environmental justice research

The Ecological Society of America has released a curated collection of environmental justice research, with scientists available for expert comment

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Ecological Society of America

ESA is offering a free online collection of articles representing fifteen years of environmental justice research published across the Society's six journals. The collection includes research on the ecological factors associated with social inequities and environmental injustices, and offers insights into gaps in environmental justice research. In recent decades the ecological sciences have documented numerous examples of disparities in access to natural resources and cases of marginalized communities facing disproportionate exposure to environmental hazards. However, the broader problem of environmental racism has been viewed by many scholarly communities as a societal issue that is "somebody else's problem," rather than as a problem that environmental researchers must address.  

The editors of the collection are available to provide comment to the media about the incorporation of human dimensions and justice issues into ecological research.


Environmental Justice Collection Editors:


Gillian Bowser, Associate Professor
Colorado State University">

Gillian Bowser is an ecologist with broad interests that include pollinator diversity, citizen science and international sustainability. She worked with the National Park Service as an ecologist for most of her career on the management of different species in parks and protected areas.  Her current work includes sustainability through project with the United Nationals with focus on climate justice and biodiversity loss.

Carmen R. Cid, Professor and Dean of the School of Arts and Sciences
Eastern Connecticut State University">
Carmen R. Cid is an urban wetland and forest ecologist who specializes in elevating the human dimension in ecology teaching and research, and on developing interdisciplinary curriculum to meet today's environmental workforce needs.


ESA Environmental Justice Collection

ESA's research collection features relevant papers from across our peer-reviewed journals. The collection can be found here, or you can find individual titles below.


Overview articles

Integrating environmental justice into applied ecology research: Somebody else's problem?
Gillian Bowser and Carmen R. Cid. 2020.

ESA and Environmental justice
George Middendorf and Charles Nilon. 2007.

Ecology and Environmental Justice: Developing an ESA Agenda
Leanne M. Jablonski and Tara C. Poling. 2007.

Tropical conservation and grassroots social movements: ecological theory and social justice
John Vandermeer and Ivette Perfecto. 2007.

Earth stewardship: science for action to sustain the human-earth system
Stuart Chapin III, Mary E. Power, Steward T. A. Pickett, Amy Freitag, Julie A. Reynolds, Robert B. Jackson, David M. Lodge, Clifford Duke, Scott L. Collins, Alison G. Power, and Ann Bartuska. 2011.

Urban ecology in a developing world: why advanced socioecological theory needs Africa
Melissa R. McHale, David N. Bunn, Steward T.A. Pickett, and Wayne Twine. 2013.

Improving environmental decision-making through integrated governance, public engagement, and translational approaches
Nicole K. Ward, Kathleen A. Torso, Craig Anthony Arnold, Liza Mitchell, and Marja H. Bakermans. 2020.


Access to knowledge and community engagement

A framework for engaging diverse communities in citizen science in the US
Rajul E. Pandya. 2012.

Civic ecology: a pathway for Earth Stewardship in cities
Marianne E. Krasny and Keith G. Tidball. 2012.

Urban climate and adaptation strategies
Larissa Larsen. 2015.

Demystifying governance and its role for transitions in urban social-ecological systems
Tischa A. Muñoz?Erickson, Lindsay K. Campbell, Daniel L. Childers, J. Morgan Grove, David M. Iwaniec, Steward T. A. Pickett, Michele Romolini, and Erika S. Svendsen. 2016.

Energy development reveals blind spots for ecosystem conservation in the Amazon Basin
Elizabeth P. Anderson, Tracey Osborne, Javier A. Maldonado?Ocampo, Megan Mills?Novoa, Leandro Castello, Mariana Montoya, Andrea C. Encalada, and Clinton N. Jenkins. 2019.


Access to knowledge of mechanisms of transport: air, land, water

Restoring Justice/Restoring Ecosystems: the Intersection of Ecology and Environmental Justice
Ann M. Bartuska and Lynne M. Westphal. 2007.

Ecological theory to enhance infectious disease control and public health policy
Katherine F. Smith, Andrew P. Dobson, F. Ellis McKenzie, Leslie A. Real, David L. Smith, and Mark L. Wilson. 2005.

Water, climate, and social change in a fragile landscape
W.L. Hargrove, D.M. Borrok, J.M. Heyman, C.W. Tweedie, and C. Ferregut. 2013.

Do septic tank systems pose a hidden threat to water quality?
Paul J.A. Withers, Philip Jordan, Linda May, Helen P. Jarvie, and Nancy E. Deal. 2013.


Access to natural resources: health, well-being, green spaces and ecosystem services

Ecosystem services and urban heat riskscape moderation: water, green spaces, and social inequality in Phoenix, USA
G. Darrel Jenerette, Sharon L. Harlan, William L. Stefanov, and Chris A. Martin. 2011.

Green infrastructure and bird diversity across an urban socioeconomic gradient
Amélie Y. Davis, J. Amy Belaire, Monica A. Farfan, Dan Milz, Eric R. Sweeney, Scott R. Loss, and Emily S. Minor. 2012.

Biodiversity in the city: key challenges for urban green space management
Myla F.J. Aronson, Christopher A. Lepczyk, Karl L. Evans, Mark A. Goddard, Susannah B. Lerman, J. Scott MacIvor, Charles H. Nilon, and Timothy Vargo. 2017.

From trade?offs to synergies in food security and biodiversity conservation
Jan Hanspach, David J. Abson, Neil French Collier, Ine Dorresteijn, Jannik Schultner, and Joern Fischer. 2017.

Urban areas do provide ecosystem services
Dexter H. Locke and Timon McPhearson. 2018.

Forest carbon offsets include co?benefits and co?detriments
Sarah Hastings, Danelle Laflower, and Jonathan R. Thompson. 2019.

COVID?19 crisis demonstrates the urgent need for urban greenspaces
Fritz Kleinschroth and Ingo Kowarik. 2020.


Resilience to impact

Relationships of Environmental Justice to Ecological Theory
W.C. Clark,  R.W. Kates, J.F. Richards,  J.T. Mathews, W.B. Meyer, B.L. Turner II, Steward T.A. Pickett,  Christopher G. Boone, and Mary L. Cadenasso. 2007.

Hydrologic futures: using scenario analysis to evaluate impacts of forecasted land use change on hydrologic services
William G. Kepner, Molly M. Ramsey, Elizabeth S. Brown, Meghann E. Jarchow, Katharine J.M. Dickinson, and Alan F. Mark. 2012.

Who loses? Tracking ecosystem service redistribution from road development and mitigation in the Peruvian Amazon
Lisa Mandle, Heather Tallis, Leonardo Sotomayor, and Adrian L. Vogl. 2015.

Socioecological disparities in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina
Joshua A. Lewis, Wayne C. Zipperer, Henrik Ernstson, Brittany Bernik, Rebecca Hazen, Thomas Elmqvist, Michael J. Blum. 2017.

Brazil's worst mining disaster: Corporations must be compelled to pay the actual environmental costs
Letícia Couto Garcia, Danilo Bandini Ribeiro, Fabio de Oliveira Roque, Jose Manuel Ochoa?Quintero, William F. Laurance. 2016.



The Ecological Society of America, founded in 1915, is the world's largest community of professional ecologists and a trusted source of ecological knowledge, committed to advancing the understanding of life on Earth. The 9,000 member Society publishes five journals and a membership bulletin and broadly shares ecological information through policy, media outreach, and education initiatives. The Society's Annual Meeting attracts 4,000 attendees and features the most recent advances in ecological science. Visit the ESA website at

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