The PEGASO project will study specific actions to be applied under the Integral Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) for the protection of the Mediterranean.
- Financed by the EC Framework Progamme 7 and directed by Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, the project will receive 6,999,004.56 euros in funding during the next four years.
- Researchers will be analysing 11 case studies in the Danube and Nile deltas, the northern coast of the Adriatic Sea, and the islands of the Aegean Sea.
- The project will include the participation of 23 European organisations (universities, research centres, NGOs, small businesses and international organisations).
- For the first time, the research will combine the study of the sea, its coasts and marine ecosystems under one integrated research framework.
From 12 to 14 April the Auditorium Santa Margherita in Venice will unite over 60 researchers in different fields from 15 countries, who will be working together in the PEGASO project, a joint effort to bridge science and decision-making processes on issues related to coast management. An important part of the project will consist in organising existing scientific data in order to create a standardised and shared data platform. A governance system will also be established to facilitate project collaborations between states, regions and economic sectors with the common objective of contributing to the implementation of the ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean Sea. The first PEGASO work meeting will take place in Venice and is coordinated by Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
The Mediterranean Sea and some regions of the Black Sea suffer from problems such as excessive urbanisation, massive pollution, loss of biodiversity, land use conflicts in coastal areas, and loss of access to resources by the coastal population. In January 2008 a total of 21 countries signed the ICZM (Integral Coastal Zone Management) Protocol for the Mediterranean, with the aim of protecting coastal regions as natural and cultural heritages which must be preserved. This legal instrument, the first of its kind for these regions, was ratified in 2009 by Slovenia and France, and more recently by Morocco, and will enter into force shortly.
The PEGASO project will pave the way for the policies of the Protocol of the Mediterranean. It will be financed with 6,999,004.56 euros under the EC Framework Programme 7 and aims to improve coastal management by bridging science and coastal governance at regional, national and local level. The project will organise the necessary data to create a complete Atlas of the Mediterranean Sea and maintain an updated database to be used by local managers when implementing the ICZM protocol, and will give continuity to a work platform formed by representatives of different coastal management sectors.
To reach these general objectives, researchers will set the scientific methodology needed for the study of relations between rivers, coastal areas and the sea; establish indicators for the tracking of the situation in these zones; develop the tools needed for a rigorous comparison of different zones of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea; and design a set of tools based on maps, indicators, spatial analysis and socio-economic assessments needed to meet the European protocol. All of this will lead to the creation of the first network for the collection of data, statistics, satellite images, land use, landscapes and information on forest fires, as well as many other aspects of coastal regions.
The project includes a user group of 15 experts formed by technicians from ministries in France, Greece, Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Georgia and Turkey; representatives of the tourist (Tunisia) and energy industry sectors, and of the maritime sector and harbours, as well as representatives of regions who will apply the results of the PEGASO project to local management issues. The panel will meet for the first time at the Project Kick-Off Meeting to be held in Venice, and then once every year during the following four years.
In the future the project will focus on the Black Sea with the aim of preparing a tool similar to the Mediterranean protocol, since both regions share many of the same coastal concerns. The Black Sea strategic panel will include 9 members, and many of the specific study areas have already been defined.
Researchers will carry out a preliminary test using the results of the project in those specific areas of the Mediterranean and Black Seas which are in great need of protective actions. These areas include:
- The northern Adriatic Sea where climate change and rises in sea levels pose a threat to the city of Venice;
- The Greek Islands, due to tourist pressure, fishing management, aquiculture, and problems generated by intensive marine mobility in the logistics and management of residues;
- The Moroccan coast, for its loss in biodiversity, tourist pressure and intensive urbanism;
- The northern coast of Lebanon, due to the loss of quality of its waters, territorial management and a decline in its fishing industry;
- The Rhone river mouth located in The Camargue, France, with intensive urbanisation, loss of biodiversity and tourist pressure;
- The Gulf of Gabes, Georgia, a wetland and "sanctuary" of marine mammals, whose biodiversity is being threatened by the construction of an oil pipeline and petroleum refinery;
- Sebastopol Bay, which suffers from poor water quality and a loss of biodiversity;
- The Danube Delta, loss of biodiversity and inadequate water quality;
- The Nile Delta, with coastal erosion problems and loss in the quality of water and local pisciculture;
- The protected region of Dalyan, Turkey, a natural reserve of the endangered loggerhead sea turtle species.
"The diffusion of this project to the general public, and not only within the context of countries participating in the PEGASO project, is of utmost importance to assure a good management of coastal areas", affirms Françoise Breton, director of ETC/LUSI (European Topic Centre on Land Use and Spatial Information) at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and coordinator of the project.
For Zeljka Skaricic, Senior Programme Officer of the United Nations Environmental Programme, "PEGASO is a project that is open to coast-lovers and people committed to the environment, to share knowledge and experiences, and aims to develop from a project into a full state of mind."