- Environmental data, such as historical air quality patterns, could improve predictions of future likelihood of acute hospitalisation of COVID-19 patients.
- Changing societal behaviours could point to a path for a greener future.
- Scientists invited to collaborate in Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) digital sprint led by Cranfield University.
Cranfield University is hosting a digital sprint where scientists from across the world will collaborate during three successive hackathons in developing digital environmental tools that can help track, understand and predict the effects of COVID-19 and help lead to a greener post-pandemic future.
Environmental data can play a key role in managing resources and behaviours in tackling COVID-19. Already, a number of studies including those underway by Cranfield University staff are investigating this, for example Dr Zhugen Yang's work looking at whether wastewater can be used to monitor incidences of COVID-19.
Scientists believe it may also be possible to use past air-quality data to improve predictions of the likelihood of future acute hospitalisation of COVID-19 patients due to respiratory stress. By using historical urban air quality patterns, correlated with incidence of the coronavirus and the likelihood of intensive care treatment, it is hoped that a tool can be developed that can identify areas which may face pressure on intensive care resources.
The sprint is also hoping to reveal what effects 'lockdown' has had on the environment and whether there are patterns of behaviour that could be maintained, such as reduced transport and travel, that with reduced greenhouse gas emissions for example would benefit the environment in the longer term.
The collaborative digital events are being funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and are being led by its Digital Environment Champions, Cranfield University's Professor Ron Corstanje and Dr Stephen Hallett, with Ideathon input from Professor Leon Williams.
To sign-up for the digital sprint events, visit https://digitalenvironment.org/home/covid-19-digital-sprint-hackathons/
Professor Ron Corstanje, Professor of Environmental Data Science and Head of the Centre for Environmental and Agricultural Informatics, at Cranfield University, said: "Environmental data can play a huge part in managing the effects of COVID-19 and helping lead a green recovery from this pandemic but we need to urgently develop the digital tools. This digital sprint will enable scientists, from across the world, to rapidly develop their ideas and turn them into practical digital solutions that can be deployed urgently.
"As the world starts to focus on a potential second wave of COVID-19, environmental data can provide a vital early-warning system, enabling better decision-making and deployment of resources."
Dr Stephen Hallett, Associate Professor in Environmental Informatics, at Cranfield University, said: "Lockdowns across the world are having a significant effect on the natural environment. Already, we are seeing improvements in measures such as air and water quality in places where human behaviours have had to be modified because of COVID-19.
"These temporary benefits are unlikely to lead to a long-lasting environmental gain, however. We need to develop solutions from these changes in behaviour that leads to a greener recovery from the pandemic."
Professor Neil Harris, Professor of Atmospheric Informatics at Cranfield University, added: "Understanding the spread of COVID-19 by applying data analytics approaches and bringing together data on air quality with those on human activity, such as traffic and industry, will allow us to develop better tools to manage the next steps of the pandemic, by improving knowledge of the environmental factors that can increase people's risk to infection. For example, it might bring out in more detail the relationship between particulate matter and the pre-disposition to COVID-19 infection, as well as to its transmission."
Notes to editors:
Entrants to the Digital Sprint will work together or individually to draw from key NERC digital assets and datasets to consider the environmental impacts and consequences of COVID-19 and create a wealth of open, digital, environmental solutions to the pandemic.
We are offering awards of up to £3000 for the solutions that best help us understand and address COVID-19 impact.
We will run three successive virtual hackathons, each over one week and each with a different focus as described below. In addition, we will run an open 'Kaggle' challenge event over four weeks.
The Digital Sprint will address the environmental impacts and consequence of COVID-19 and overall will consider two focal areas:
(i) Using the environment to generate a better understanding of the interplay between the environment and the epidemiological and health related aspects of the COVID-19 epidemic, and,
(ii) Understanding how the effects of such large-scale manipulation of the planet, cessation of travel, new consumption behaviours etc. relate to tackling the crisis. NERC national capability and research funding can be deployed to seize this.
In the Hackathons, we are seeking to create a wealth of open digital solutions to the pressing needs of society. However, to provide further incentive, the Hackathons and Kaggle challenge will all have awards offered to the best 'environmental digital solution' that helps us understand and address the COVID-19 impact.
Further details can be found at https://digitalenvironment.org/
About Cranfield University
Cranfield is a specialist postgraduate university that is a global leader for education and transformational research in technology and management.
Cranfield Environment and Agrifood
For the past 50 years, Cranfield has been contributing to enhancing natural capital and ensuring that global food systems are more resilient for the future. We are recognised worldwide by industry, government and academe for our research and teaching in plants, soil, water and air.
We believe that environmental problems can be alleviated through technological innovation and risk management. Cranfield academics are leading a new four-year programme investigating the role of digital data in improving our understanding of environmental change, after being appointed Constructing a Digital Environment Champions by the National Environment Research Council (NERC).
Cranfield is a key partner in two of the four UK Government-sponsored Agri-tech Centres - Agri-Epi (Agricultural Engineering Precision Innovation Centre) and CHaP (Crop Health and Protection), with over £13 million invested in new infrastructure since 2017.
We are world leading in digital agriculture, using advances in sensor technology, informatics and data sciences to drive innovation. We are investing £4 million in a new building and Centre for Environmental and Agricultural Informatics.
Our education, research and consultancy is enhanced by our world-class facilities including the National Reference Centre for Soils, which houses the largest collection of its kind in Europe and is recognised as the UK's definitive source of national soils information, and our big data visualisation suite, which has tools to analyse big data collections including our own environmental data resources from 280 countries/territories worldwide.
Our living laboratory is a testbed for transformative technologies and new approaches to deliver enhanced social, economic and environmental outcomes in urban, transport and infrastructure systems.
Cranfield is one of six universities receiving UK Collaboratorium for Research on Infrastructure and Cities (UKCRIC) funding to establish Urban Observatories as platforms for research into future infrastructure, technology and governance across the social, economic and environmental domains.
In 2017, Cranfield was awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize for research and education in large-scale soil and environmental data for the sustainable use of natural resources in the UK and worldwide, the first time in the Prize's history that an award has been given for soil science. https://www.cranfield.ac.uk/themes/environment-and-agrifood