In Greece, drivers cannot legally purchase custom vanity plates. However, a new study confirms an open secret: that the country has an illegal market for acquiring license plates with distinctive number patterns, perhaps as a form of “conspicuous corruption.” Panos Louridas and Diomidis Spinellis of the Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece, report their findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on September 1, 2021.
Through the widespread practice of conspicuous consumption, people may purchase certain products—such as jewelry, art, or vacations—as status symbols. Previous research has also found evidence for various associations between unethical actions and higher wealth or social class.
For the new study, Louridas and Spinellis explored one intersection between conspicuous consumption and dishonest behavior. They conducted a statistical analysis of Greek license plates to test a subjective observation that distinctive license plates, such as those with repeating numbers, appeared more often on luxury cars than would be expected from the random process by which the plates should be issued.
The analysis showed that, indeed, distinctive license plates appear more often on cars from luxury brands and cars with larger engines than on other models. This finding is in line with other evidence from the Ministry of Transport in supporting the open secret that a market exists in Greece whereby drivers can engage in bribery to obtain more desirable license plates.
The authors suggest that Greece’s vanity plate market represents the practice of conspicuous corruption, in which part of the value of a status symbol arises from hinting that the owner “knows the ropes” and is above the rules. The authors suggest that Greece’s vanity plate market represents the practice of conspicuous corruption, in which part of the value of a status symbol arises not from its assumed high price but from hinting that the owner “knows the ropes” and is above the rules. Indeed, the authors note, the cost of a distinctive plate in Greece is not prohibitively expensive, suggesting that the hint of rule-breaking has significant value as a status symbol.
Further research could explore the nature of similar markets for conspicuous corruption in other countries, and which cultural characteristics are associated with the practice.
The authors add: “Based on a large scale, country-level, investigation of vehicle license plates in Greece, [we] find evidence of a phenomenon they call “Conspicuous Corruption”: flaunting an illicitly acquired good, in this instance vanity plates, to display status.”
Citation: Louridas P, Spinellis D (2021) Conspicuous corruption: Evidence at a country level. PLoS ONE 16(9): e0255970. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0255970
Funding: The work was partly funded by the Athens University of Economics and Business Research Center, under project code EP-3094-01. The rest of the funding came from the authors’ regular salaries as tenured professors at the Athens University of Economics and Business. There was no additional external funding received for this study.
Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
In your coverage please use this URL to provide access to the freely available article in PLOS ONE: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0255970
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Conspicuous corruption: Evidence at a country level
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The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.