Flexible electronics generally refer to the electronic devices built on conformable or stretchable substrates. In 2000, organic flexible electronics were nominated as one of the Top 10 scientific and technological achievements by Science, together with human genome draft and clone technology. On account of its rapid development in the information era, flexible electronics is thought very highly of and has been applied into various fields including electronic skin, human-computer interaction, and implantable medical systems already.
As the Internet of Things has stepped into a new stage, multifunctional and highly integrated flexible electronic systems are urgently required to meet more complex application scenarios. Under the challenge of increasingly grim environmental and energy problems, a simple, fast, and green flexible electronics preparation technology was put forward by the research team led by Prof. ZHAO Gang from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences to deal with the key constraints of materials and fabrication techniques. This work was published in ACS Nano.
In this work, researchers prepared the thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) membrane by electrospinning, which is used as the substrate, and then the liquid metal (LM) could be printed into various patterns on the substrate through premade templates. LM and TPU nanofibers show good interaction during the assembly. This finding is inspiring because scientists have been trying to modify LM or substrate materials to achieve printing and writing of LM since LM is not affinitive with most substrates.
Besides, this new system is a typical sandwich structure, which means that the system is built layer by layer and each layer is composed of a TPU membrane and LM printed on it. This strategy invests flexible electronic devices like flexible circuits, resistors, capacitors, inductors, and their multiple devices with excellent stretchability, air permeability, and stability. Meanwhile, they are reconfigurable.
More future applications were demonstrated in the research, such as flexible displays, sensors, and filters. Besides, the new-obtained recyclability and reconfigurability answer the concerns regarding environmental and energetic problems. Their findings offer more possibilities in the development and commercialization of flexible electronic devices.
Stencil Printing of Liquid Metal upon Electrospun Nanofibers Enables High-Performance Flexible Electronics
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