News Release

Yield and quality properties of silage maize and their influencing factors in China

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Science China Press

The dry matter yield and CP yield of silage maize among six regions in China.

image: Different letters indicate significant differences at P<0.05 among six regions. The figures in parentheses show the number of observations. view more 

Credit: ©Science China Press

This study is led by Dr. Fang Jingyun (Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University). Silage maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most important forages in the world, and its yield and quality properties are critical parameters for livestock production and assessment of forage values. However, relationships between its yield and quality properties and the controlling factors are not well documented.

In this study, scientists collected 5,663 observations from 196 publications across the country to identify the relationships between yield and quality properties of silage maize and to assess the impact of management practices and climatic factors on its yield and quality in China.

This study found that the average dry matter yield of silage maize was 19.98 Mg ha−1, and the average value of crude protein, ether extract, crude ash, crude fiber, acid detergent fiber, neutral detergent fiber, nitrogen-free extract, and relative feed value was 7.86%, 2.53%, 5.05%, 23.97%, 27.62%, 51.60%, 59.68%, and 131.17, respectively. In general, its nutritive value decreased as its yield increased. Increasing planting density could increase the yield but inhibit the nutritive values, while increasing fertilization could benefit the nutritive values. Geographically, the yield increased and the nutritive value decreased from warm (south) to cold (north) regions. The length of growth duration was a major controlling factor for the patterns of these properties.

This study provides insights for police-makers to make strategy for achieving high yield and good quality of silage maize and help local people to implement better management practices.

See the article:

Yield and quality properties of silage maize and their influencing factors in China

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