WASHINGTON, June 7, 2022 – Twenty years after the retirement of the Concorde, several industrial and research projects want to make supersonic flight a reality again. However, supersonic planes produce sonic booms loud enough to warrant noise concerns and regulations, limiting their use over land.
In The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, published on behalf of the Acoustical Society of America by AIP Publishing, University of Lyon researchers conducted simulations comparing how sonic booms reflect differently over a single building, two neighboring buildings, and multiple buildings spaced at regular intervals.
"This paper is the first study to address the propagation of the boom in an urban environment," said co-author Didier Dragna. "The resonance phenomenon in an urban canyon has been shed to light for sonic boom, and its importance has been quantified."
The Federal Aviation Administration currently prohibits commercial aircraft from traveling faster than Mach 1 over land and from a certain distance offshore where a boom can reach U.S. shores. Recent efforts have sought to make low-boom supersonic aircraft, but noise issues due to sonic booms may become more pronounced in cities, where buildings form canyons that distort the booms.
The group performed numerical simulations drawing on equations from the field of fluid dynamics to predict the boom in different urban configurations.
"This approach allows us to precisely account for the reflection of the boom on streets and facades of the buildings," Dragna said. "With these simulations, we were able to determine the ground pressure signals due to sonic boom propagation and reflection over the buildings and deduce noise levels. We can thus predict the noise annoyance felt by the population due to sonic booms."
The researchers found the wider the streets compared to the height of buildings, the less booms are affected by the presence of several buildings.
Narrower streets introduce more complex boom propagation through multiple reflections on building facades. While they don't affect boom loudness, they tend to prolong the pressure signals at ground level in urban canyons through increased resonance between buildings.
Dragna said their research underscores the importance of the shape of cities for the characteristics of sonic booms at ground level. The group aims at investigating the phenomenon further by looking into typical city configurations.
The article "Sonic boom reflection over an isolated building and multiple buildings" is authored by Didier Dragna, Ariane Emmanuelli, Sébastien Ollivier, and Philippe Blanc-Benon. The article will appear in The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America on June 7, 2022 (DOI: 10.1121/10.0010452). After that date, it can be accessed at https://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1121/10.0010452.
ABOUT THE JOURNAL
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (JASA) is published on behalf of the Acoustical Society of America. Since 1929, the journal has been the leading source of theoretical and experimental research results in the broad interdisciplinary subject of sound. JASA serves physical scientists, life scientists, engineers, psychologists, physiologists, architects, musicians, and speech communication specialists. See https://asa.scitation.org/journal/jas.
ABOUT ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA
The Acoustical Society of America (ASA) is the premier international scientific society in acoustics devoted to the science and technology of sound. Its 7,000 members worldwide represent a broad spectrum of the study of acoustics. ASA publications include The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (the world's leading journal on acoustics), JASA Express Letters, Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, Acoustics Today magazine, books, and standards on acoustics. The society also holds two major scientific meetings each year. See https://acousticalsociety.org/.
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Sonic boom reflection over an isolated building and multiple buildings
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