Origami, the act of folding flat sheets of material into complex 3D shapes, has transcended its original artistic and ceremonial roots and entered the realm of engineering. Thanks to their low cost and simple fabrication process, origami-based structures and materials have found applications across varied fields, including biomedicine, packaging, spacecrafts, and agriculture.
One of the most difficult aspects of using origami in practical applications is finding a convenient, cost-effective way to fold the sheets of material into the desired shape. The folding process can be particularly challenging for origami structures of either very small or very large size. Accordingly, scientists have been actively trying to come up with new ways to create self-folding origami structures that are compatible with their target application.
In a recent study, a research team from Shibaura Institute of Technology (SIT), Japan, demonstrated a promising method to easily manufacture self-folding origami honeycomb structures (SHSs). As explained in their paper published in Materials & Design, honeycomb structures make for great protective packaging materials owing to their many attractive properties, including low weight, high porosity, heat insulation, and excellent mechanical shock absorption. Motivated by this, the team developed a low-cost process to produce SHSs using nothing but a paper cutter and a standard inkjet printer. The study was led by Associate Professor Hiroki Shigemune and co-authored by Professor Naoki Hosoya and master’s student Daichi Naritomi, all from SIT, as well as Professor Shingo Maeda from Tokyo Institute of Technology. The paper was made available online on September 16, 2022, and will be published in Volume 223 of the journal in November 2022.
The key to this novel method to produce SHSs is to take advantage of the physicochemical interactions that occur between the paper and the printed solution. The researchers first cut out a grid of rectangles on a flat paper sheet and then use the inkjet printer to apply the printing solution in a carefully devised pattern; this results in the honeycomb structures folding themselves in a matter of minutes.
The team focused on analyzing how various parameters of the cutting and printing patterns affected the structural and mechanical properties of the final product. After finding a set of optimal parameters, they tested two additional ways to further improve the mechanical performance of the SHSs. The first was stacking multiple honeycomb layers on top of each other, which greatly increased the cushioning performance of the final structure with negligible changes to its height. The second was pre-straining the honeycomb structure, which is essentially applying a strong compressive force once before the material is put to use. By ‘breaking in’ the material in this way, they eliminate a compressive force peak that occurs the first time a brand new SHSs is compressed, which could damage the protected object.
The proposed approach to create SHSs could see use across a vast range of applications, as Associate Professor Shigemune explains via a few examples: “Our technique could be used to create tailor-made cushioning materials at farm sites based on the type and harvesting period of fruits and vegetables. Alternatively, it could be used to produce evacuation equipment, such as helmets and beds, using SHSs as a core material.”
Another notable advantage of SHSs is that they are made purely out of paper, a material that takes little space to store and that can be processed quickly at low cost. It’s also worth noting that SHSs should be considered green technology since they are made from nontoxic materials using very little energy. “Our technology contributes to sustainable development goals because it allows us to protect fragile components and vegetables, which translates to fewer losses,” remarks Associate Professor Shigemune.
Make sure to be on the lookout for more self-folding origami-based materials and their innovative applications!
About Shibaura Institute of Technology (SIT), Japan
Shibaura Institute of Technology (SIT) is a private university with campuses in Tokyo and Saitama. Since the establishment of its predecessor, Tokyo Higher School of Industry and Commerce, in 1927, it has maintained “learning through practice” as its philosophy in the education of engineers. SIT was the only private science and engineering university selected for the Top Global University Project sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and will receive support from the ministry for 10 years starting from the 2014 academic year. Its motto, “Nurturing engineers who learn from society and contribute to society,” reflects its mission of fostering scientists and engineers who can contribute to the sustainable growth of the world by exposing their over 8,000 students to culturally diverse environments, where they learn to cope, collaborate, and relate with fellow students from around the world.
About Associate Professor Hiroki Shigemune from SIT, Japan
Associate Professor Hiroki Shigemune graduated from the Dept. of Applied Physics at Waseda University in 2014. He then obtained a master's degree and a PhD from Waseda University in 2016 and 2018, respectively. He joined SIT in 2019, where he works as an Associate Professor of the Department of Electrical Engineering and leads the Shigemune lab. He has published over 40 refereed papers. His main research interests are manufacturing technologies, smart materials, and soft robotics.
This study was supported by JSPS KAKENHI (grant numbers 18H05895 and 19 K20377) and the Adaptable and Seamless Technology Transfer Program through Target-driven R&D (A- STEP) from the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) (grant number JPMJTM20CK).
Materials & Design
Method of Research
Subject of Research
Creation of origami-inspired honeycomb structure using self-folding paper
Article Publication Date
The authors declare the following financial interests/personal relationships which may be considered as potential competing interests: Naoki Hosoya, Genki Ando, Shingo Maeda, and Hiroki Shigemune have a patent pending to Naoki Hosoya, Genki Ando, Shingo Maeda, Hiroki Shigemune.