News Release

Funding for French-German research project on quantum technology

Grant and Award Announcement

Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH

Sören Petrat, Professor of Mathematics at Jacobs University Bremen

image: Sören Petrat, Professor of Mathematics at Jacobs University Bremen, is scientific coordinator of the DFG funded Franco-German research project. view more 

Credit: Jacobs University Bremen

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm awarded this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for groundbreaking work in this field. In highly complex quantum physics, two or more particles can be entangled and thus dependent on each other. What happens to one of the particles in an entangled pair determines what happens to the other particle, even if both particles are far apart.

This phenomenon of entanglement has to be controlled, because it causes the equations describing realistic quantum systems to become far too complicated to solve analytically or numerically. Simpler, so-called effective equations provide a remedy. “If I want to describe a gas or simply the air in a room, I'm usually not interested in the motion of each individual atom. Instead, I'm interested in quantities like temperature, pressure, or volume. These are all examples of effective quantities-” Petrat puts it into simple words.

In the research project, the team is mathematically investigating ultracold gases near the absolute zero of minus 273.15 degrees Celsius - so-called cold Fermi and Bose gases, whose properties are used in quantum technology. "Our goal is to rigorously derive such effective equations mathematically," Petrat said. These equations, for example, are indispensable for quantum computers. "For me, this is a very exciting area of research because there is an extreme amount of progress currently coming together in three areas: experimental physics, theoretical physics and mathematics."

Five scientists from four universities are involved in the research project entitled "Effective approximation and dynamics of many-body quantum systems." In addition to Sören Petrat, these are Professor Volker Bach, mathematical physicist at TU Braunschweig, and the mathematicians Professor Sébastien Breteaux and Professor Jérémy Faupin from the Université de Lorraine and Professor Zied Ammari from the Université de Rennes. "We are very pleased to be able to continue the long and successful Franco-German collaboration on this topic with this funding," Petrat said.

About Jacobs University Bremen:
Studying in an international community. Obtaining a qualification to work on responsible tasks in a digitized and globalized society. Learning, researching and teaching across academic disciplines and countries. Strengthening people and markets with innovative solutions and advanced training programs. This is what Jacobs University Bremen stands for. Established as a private, English-medium campus university in Germany in 2001, it is continuously achieving top results in national and international university rankings. Its more than 1,600 students come from more than 110 countries with around 80% having relocated to Germany for their studies. Jacobs University’s research projects are funded by the German Research Foundation or the EU Research and Innovation program as well as by globally leading companies.
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