News Release

Is classroom inclusion or segregation best for children with special needs?

Peer-Reviewed Publication


The question of whether to place children with special needs in grades K–12 into inclusive educational settings or into segregated classrooms is a persistent one among education researchers and policymakers. Results from an analysis published in the Campbell Systematic Reviews suggest that, in general, inclusion neither increases nor decreases learning and psychosocial adjustment of children with special needs.

The analysis of 15 studies from 9 countries included children with multiple types of disabilities such as learning disorders/intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, ADHD, physical handicaps, visual impairments, and Down syndrome.

The findings point to the importance of individual assessments of the specific child’s educational and psychosocial needs.

“It is time to realize that when it comes to educational placement of children with special needs, one size doesn’t fit all and not all special needs children benefit from inclusive education,” said corresponding author Nina Thorup Dalgaard, PhD, of Vive, the Danish Center for Social Science Research.

URL upon publication:


Additional Information

NOTE: The information contained in this release is protected by copyright. Please include journal attribution in all coverage. For more information or to obtain a PDF of any study, please contact: Sara Henning-Stout,

About the Journal

Campbell Systematic Reviews is an open access journal prepared under the editorial control of the Campbell Collaboration. The journal publishes systematic reviews, evidence and gap maps, and methods research papers.

Campbell has a growing list of editorial topic areas, including: Ageing; Business and Management; Climate Solutions; Crime and Justice; Disability;  Education; International Development; Knowledge Translation and Implementation; Methods; Nutrition and Food Security; Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity; Social Welfare; and Training.

About Wiley

Wiley is one of the world’s largest publishers and a global leader in scientific research and career-connected education. Founded in 1807, Wiley enables discovery, powers education, and shapes workforces. Through its industry-leading content, digital platforms, and knowledge networks, the company delivers on its timeless mission to unlock human potential. Visit us at Follow us on FacebookTwitterLinkedIn and Instagram.

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.