About The Study: In this systematic review and meta-analysis of 52 studies with more than 1.7 million patients conducted in different health care and income settings, antimicrobial stewardship programs appeared to be effective in reducing antibiotic consumption in both hospital and nonhospital settings. Impact assessment of antimicrobial stewardship programs in resource-limited settings remains scarce; further research is needed on how to best achieve reductions in antibiotic use in low- and middle-income countries.
Authors: Kyaw Zay Ya, M.B., B.S., M.P.H., of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute in Allschwil, Switzerland, is the corresponding author.
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