News Release

High-pressure structure of 2D ferromagnet CrSiTe3 clarified in recent study

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences

High-pressure Structure of 2D Ferromagnet CrSiTe3 Clarified in Recent Study

image: The crystal structure and Raman spectra of CrSiTe3 at ambient pressure and high pressure, respectively. view more 

Credit: PAN Xiaomei

According to research published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Prof. DING Junfeng from Institute of Solid State Physics (ISSP), Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, together with Prof. WANG Weihua from Nankai University, clarified high-pressure structure of CrSiTe3, which highlighted the ultralow-frequency Raman spectroscopy on detecting the interlayer coupling on Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals materials.

2D magnetic materials have attracted significant attention owing to their highly tunable physical properties and potential applications in novel spintronics. Some of them can still exhibit intrinsic long-range magnetic order when they are exfoliated even into a few layers, such as ferromagnetic semiconductor CrSiTe3 with a centrosymmetric layered structure. Both superconductivity and enhancement of ferromagnetism, usually competing for orders, have been observed in CrSiTe3 at high pressure. However, the high-pressure structure of CrSiTe3 is still unclear, setting obstacles in understanding pressure-induced novel physics.

In this research, after combining the Raman spectra and first-principles calculations, the joint team clarified the high-pressure structure of CrSiTe3.

"This was the first time that a new interlayer breathing mode located at ~42.1 cm-1 was observed in CrSiTe3," said PAN Xiaomei, first author of the paper, "it's through ultralow-frequency Raman spectroscopy."

The prominent changes in the Raman spectra suggested a phase transition from the R-3 phase to the R3 phase accompanying noticeable enhancement of the Curie temperature at high pressure, which was supported by the theoretical analyses. The calculated phonon modes of R3 symmetry were in good accordance with the emerged Raman bands of CrSiTe3 at high pressure.

The results laid the foundation for the studies of the fascinating physics in CrSiTe3 under pressure but also according to the team.

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