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Nestled 30 feet underground in Menlo Park, California, a half-mile-long stretch of tunnel is now colder than most of the universe. It houses a new superconducting particle accelerator, part of an upgrade project to the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray free-electron laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
- Office of Science
When it comes to fixing carbon, plants have nothing on soil bacteria that can do it 20 times faster. The secret is an enzyme that “juggles” reaction ingredients. Scientists hope to optimize this process for producing fuels, antibiotics and other products from CO2.
- ACS Central Science
- DOE/US Department of Energy
What drives rechargeable battery decay? Depends on how many times you've charged it
A team co-led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has discovered a new ultrathin material with exotic magnetic features called skyrmions. The new material could enable the next generation of tiny, fast, energy-efficient electronic devices.
- Science Advances
The third and final installment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC’s) Sixth Assessment Report calls for aggressive and comprehensive actions if we are to achieve net zero emissions by mid-century. It finds we still need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions drastically, beyond what governments have pledged, and that this emissions gap is exacerbated by implementation gaps despite the mitigation efforts underway.
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Biologists and particle accelerator physicists have teamed up to develop more effective and more accessible cancer treatments using laser-powered plasma ion beams.
- Scientific Reports
Researchers announced today that they have imaged the exciton’s electron and hole to produce the first full picture of this elusive quasiparticle, and showed how excitons can be trapped in dense, stable arrays. The results have important implications for the development of future technologies and the quest to understand excitons better.
- DOE/US Department of Energy, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory study some of the most fundamental questions about our universe: What are the properties of elementary particles? What drives the expansion of the universe? But the tools they use can lead to technologies that benefit everyday life.
In this Q&A, ALS senior staff scientist David Shapiro and Stanford materials science professor William Chueh share how their pioneering X-ray techniques can help researchers understand how battery materials work in real time at the atomic scale.