School district staff who practiced the Transcendental Meditation technique for four months had significant improvements in emotional intelligence and perceived stress, according to a new randomized controlled trial published today in The Permanente Journal.
"Workers, especially in our school districts, are under a growing amount of stress and asked every day to find solutions to increasingly complex problems," said Laurent Valosek, lead author of the study and executive director of the Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education. "This study demonstrates the benefits of meditation in the workplace. And with a growing body of research on the value of emotional intelligence and the harmful effects of psychological stress, organizations are looking to give their employees tools for reducing stress and developing EQ competencies like centeredness, self-awareness, and empathy."
Psychological stress affects workers worldwide
Psychological stress adversely affects organizational commitment, work engagement, and productivity, and contributes to poor mental and physical health. Although psychological stress threatens employee effectiveness and well-being, emotional intelligence has garnered considerable attention in the workplace because of its positive association with mental and physical health and its connection to leadership capacity and performance. Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to perceive emotions in oneself and others, and to use that content to build healthy relationships with oneself and others.
Transcendental Meditation improves emotional intelligence and lowers perceived stress in school administrators and staff
A new randomized control study published in The Permanente Journal involved 96 central office staff at the San Francisco Unified School District. The study found that during a four-month period, those practicing the Transcendental Meditation (TM) technique experienced significant improvements in emotional intelligence and perceived stress, as compared with controls.
These findings are consistent with past research on TM showing benefits for emotional intelligence and psychological distress. This study extends prior research by demonstrating the beneficial effects of TM as part of a wellness program in the workplace.
The primary outcomes in the study were the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i) and the Perceived Stress Scale. In addition to observing improvements in total EQ and perceived stress, the researchers found improvements in five of the six EQ composite scales--general mood, stress management, adaptability, intrapersonal awareness, and reality testing. The researchers also observed a dose response--those who meditated more regularly scored higher on total EQ and lower on perceived stress.
Connection between emotional intelligence and workplace outcomes
Recent research highlights the importance of emotional intelligence as a predictor of important work-related factors such as stress management, job performance, negotiation, leadership, emotional labor, trust, and work-family conflict.
These results have implications for organizations interested in improving the mental health and social-emotional competencies of employees, and, in turn, their overall performance.
Valosek L, Link J, Mills P, Konrad A, Rainforth M, Nidich S. Effect of meditation on emotional intelligence and perceived stress in the workplace: A randomized controlled study. Perm J 2018;22:17-172. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/17-172.
About the Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education
The Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education (CWAE) is a San Francisco Bay Area-based non-profit organization. CWAE's mission is to optimize educational performance, reduce violence, stress, and substance abuse, and improve the psychological wellness of students, faculty, and administrators by strengthening the underlying neurophysiology of perception, learning and behavior. CWAE serves more than 2,500 youth, teachers and administrators in the San Francisco Bay Area. Among the youth served, 98% are of color and 62% live in low-income homes.
The Permanente Journal