Firms can create more effective strategies to improve their products, services, and sales by accounting for their customers’ political identity.
- Journal of Marketing
In research published in the journal Cell Systems, Professor Lenore Cowen of the Tufts Department of Computer Science and colleagues from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) collaborated to design a structurally-motivated deep learning method built from recent advances in neural language modeling. The team’s deep-learning model, called D-SCRIPT, was able to predict protein-protein interactions (PPIs) from primary amino acid sequences.
- Cell Systems
Analysing molecular characteristics and their variation during lifestyle changes, by combining digital tools, classical laboratory tests and new biomolecular measurements, could enable individualised prevention of disease. This is according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and the University of Helsinki in Finland published in the journal Cell Systems. The researchers show what a proactive healthcare model could comprise and how it could help in maintaining good health.
- Cell Systems
There are more than 300,000 septic systems permitted in six counties adjacent to the 156-mile-long Indian River Lagoon (IRL) in Florida. Researchers assessed water quality and measured stable nitrogen isotopes in groundwater, surface water, and macrophyte tissue to identify nitrogen sources impacting the lagoon. Sucralose, an artificial sweetener that is not completely broken down by septic systems or wastewater treatment plants, was used as a human wastewater tracer, and fecal indicator bacteria density was used as an indicator of wastewater pollution. Results showed that nitrogen enrichment of all sub-drainage basins in this study supports that even “properly functioning” septic systems contribute nitrogen to surficial (shallow) groundwater. Furthermore, shallow ecosystems without a significant source of flushing and dilution, such as the central IRL are more susceptible to inputs from contaminated groundwater. Evidence shows that this issue is likely widespread in the IRL, including its canals, tributaries and rivers, which makes up 40 percent of Florida’s eastern coast.
- Marine Pollution Bulletin
Despite scientific evidence on how to properly prescribe antibiotics, clinicians routinely diverge from these processes in their actual practices, and implementation science principles can inform stewardship efforts to ensure the appropriate use of antibiotics, according to a new white paper in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
- Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
In vitro fertilization has become a reasonable alternative for couples that have trouble getting pregnant. To help make the process more efficient and reliable, Samuel Prien, Ph.D., and Lindsay Penrose, Ph.D., from the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, invented a new a method that selects viable embryos based upon chemical composition and fluid content without direct sampling or risk to the embryo. A patent was awarded to Prien and Penrose on Nov. 8, 2021.