Medicine & Health
A research group led by Osaka Metropolitan University scientists and their Salvadoran colleagues implemented a survey over two years to assess vector infestation and the infection risk of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi in triatomine bugs, the culprits responsible for Chagas disease, throughout El Salvador. Their findings showed the nationwide ubiquity of the principal insect vector and identified areas where these insects have high Trypanosoma cruzi infection rates. The results contribute to potential cost-effective vector control efforts that concentrate attention and resource allocation to highly infected areas in El Salvador.
- Infectious Diseases of Poverty
- Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development, Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, Japan International Cooperation Agency
Social isolation can have devastating health effects, especially for elderly people. A number of studies have shown that art is not only good for the soul, but can also improve both physical and mental well-being. Researchers in Canada investigated whether these art-based benefits could be delivered digitally through virtual museum tours. They found that indeed older adults who attended weekly guided tours online felt less frail – offering a public health model to promote healthy aging.
- Frontiers in Medicine
- Fonds de recherche du Québec-Société et culture, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
A novel peptide augments the brain’s natural mechanism to help prevent seizures and protect neurons in research models of both Alzheimer’s and epilepsy, scientists report.
- JCI Insight
- NIH/National Institutes of Health
Women giving birth during the COVID-19 pandemic have been denied nitrous oxide (laughing gas) for pain relief due to fears of virus transmission from the aerosol-generating procedure. A new study in a South Australian hospital says withholding the gas has had no adverse effects.
- Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
A new study has examined patient preferences for breathlessness services and determined the cost savings of these provisions for the NHS.
Do pediatric kidney transplant patients have better long-term outcomes when their kidney comes from living, biologically unrelated donors compared to deceased donors? A new UC Davis Health study published in the journal Pediatric Transplantation finds that they do.
- Pediatric Transplantation