Business & Economics
Although a long-standing trade war and subsequent pandemic have dealt a crippling blow to the nation’s timber industry, a new opportunity is raising hopes in Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture is teaming up with the Tennessee Department of Agriculture on a grant designed to increase the state’s hardwood exports to Vietnam.
- USDA Foreign Agricultural Service
The economists have investigated the most acute problems of the labor market in Russia, such as unemployment, a decline in real wages, and an increase in the number of people employed in the informal sector of the economy, i.e., hired workers from individuals or self-employed. New research shows that some features of informal employment have both positive and negative effects on labor productivity. This area requires constant monitoring to neutralize the potential adverse effects associated with a decrease in labor productivity. The scientists published the study in the highly-rated scientific journal Sustainability (Q1).
Proteases are rated among the three largest groups of industrial enzymes and account for about 60% of the total global sale of enzymes, 40% of which belong to bacterial proteases. Bacterial serine proteases have wide substrate specificity, and high resistance to various conditions, which warrants their use in biotechnology, in particular as bio-additives for farm birds and animals.
The debate on green vehicles often focuses on fuel efficiency and alternative fuels, with the transition to fuel alternatives commonly being considered better for the environment the faster it is. A new study shows that keeping and using existing fuel-efficient cars a little longer can actually reduce CO₂ emissions even with gasoline cars. Thus, a gradual transition and policies that encourage a change in consumption patterns are also key for reducing overall emissions.
- Journal of Industrial Ecology
- , , , Oita University
While agrifood production is essential for feeding our growing global population, it can also contribute to environmental and social problems, including deforestation, biodiversity loss, poor or precarious labor conditions, and persistent poverty. Certification and standards can encourage use of sustainable production practices, but how effective are such programs in addressing food system challenges? A new study from a team of international researchers reviews the literature on sustainability standards and identifies a series of important questions.
- Nature Food
Chinese scientists at the Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology (TIB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) recently reported a de novo route for artificial starch synthesis from carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) for the first time.