Business & Economics
Asian elephants are keen to cooperate with friends and have evolved strategies to mitigate competition in their social groups, but cooperation breaks down when food resources are limited, according to a study publishing September 28th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Li-Li Li at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Yunnan, China, and colleagues. The study sheds light on the evolution of cooperative behavior in mammals.
- PLoS Biology
Memories of past events and experiences are what define us as who we are, and yet the ability to form these episodic memories declines with age, certain dementias, and brain injury. However, a study publishing in the open access journal PLOS Biology on September 28th by Mircea van der Plas and Simon Hanslmayr from the University of Glasgow and colleagues, shows that low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation—or rTMS—delivered over the left prefrontal cortex of the brain can improve memory performance by reducing the power of low frequency brain waves as memories form.
- PLoS Biology
AACSB International (the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, or AACSB) has released, “Research That Matters: An Action Plan for Creating Business School Research That Positively Impacts Society”. Sponsored by SAGE Publishing, the thought paper includes three common components of impactful research and a five-part plan that business schools can use to produce research that leads to a positive societal impact.
What The Study Did: In this survey study of adults in a large U.S. city, public health messaging improved COVID-19 preventive behaviors over time but lagged among Hispanic participants, who were at higher risk for infection, more often worked outside the home and were less likely to have received a stimulus check.
- JAMA Network Open
A study on how structural economic risk at the occupational level is linked to long-term health outcomes of employees found that individuals in occupations characterized by high routine intensity are likely to become unemployed in the long term and have higher rates of disability and mortality. Until now, there has been a lack of large-scale population level analyses focusing on how one’s job is affected by technology- induced displacement and its health and social effects. The findings are published online in the BMJ journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
- Occupational and Environmental Medicine
- Research Council of Norway
The National Science Foundation has awarded Penn State $1.5 million as one of eight universities selected to participate in the Mid-Atlantic NSF I-Corps Hub, led by the University of Maryland. This funding will enable Penn State to expand entrepreneurial training to academic researchers in science and engineering to foster and maintain U.S. global leadership in innovation.