Policy & Ethics
The National Science Foundation is giving a Rochester Institute of Technology professor an esteemed award to help him expand the capabilities of artificial intelligence systems using new brain-inspired methods. Christopher Kanan, an associate professor in the Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science, received an NSF Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award and grant for his five-year project.
Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) can leave people feeling isolated, but survivors exhibit a strong resilient streak. As someone with an SCI, MUSC researcher James Krause, Ph.D. has dedicated his life to researching SCIs. With the help of a dedicated team of researchers, Krause has developed tools to help people with SCIs and influence policy makers. This important work will continue to impact people with the support of a $2.5 million grant from the National Institute for Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research.
- National Institute for Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research
Pregnant people are often excluded from research without clear justification, even when there is little harm to the fetus in minimal‐risk research. In this issue of Ethics & Human Research, ob/gyn Amina White and colleagues survey current and former institutional review board personnel to find out their interpretations of “minimal risk” to identify factors that might influence IRB decisions to approve research with those who are pregnant. Also in this issue, an ethics review in the Covid‐19 era; designs for an observational toxicology study involving intoxicated patients; and an essay on making metrics meaningful in human research protection programs.
This week the European University Alliance FORTHEM gathered in Mainz, Germany, for its first on-site meeting. Alongside the seven university partners from all over Europe, representatives of the FORTHEM partner cities and their chambers of commerce and industry were invited so that they could meet one another in person and exchange ideas. Furthermore, the FORTHEM Alliance invited two new members, the University of Agder in Norway and the Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu in Romania, and signed a letter of intent with both universities as part of the preparations for their full membership.
What The Study Did: A simulation model was used in this study to investigate associations between a federal regulation requiring graphic health warnings on cigarette packaging in the U.S. and changes in estimates of smoking-attributable deaths and life-years gained based on implementation in 2022 compared with outcomes if the policy had been implemented in 2012 as originally planned.
- JAMA Health Forum
What The Study Did: This article provides a legal analysis of whether the First Amendment prohibits the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s requirement of new tobacco warning labels.
- JAMA Health Forum