Policy & Ethics
Renowned immunologists and vascular biologists Drs. Klaus Ley and Catherine “Lynn” Hedrick from California’s La Jolla Institute for Immunology have been named co-directors of the new Center for Immunology at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, an initiative which will dramatically expand research to better harness the power of the immune system to prevent and treat disease.
Piyush Mehta, an assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at West Virginia University's Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources, has earned the prestigious CAREER award for his research in upper atmosphere variability.
A new research programme aims to define the vital first step in how human immune systems recognise fungal invaders.
To understand the dynamics of emerging topics in science and medicine, researchers from the University of Tsukuba looked at researcher participation in articles containing emerging keywords over 50 years. They found that although more human resources are needed for publication, large research groups less frequently generate emerging topics. Moreover, expertise in certain topics has become important for generating emerging topics, and researchers who generate emerging topics now tend to remain in that field.
Promising new education interventions are potentially being 'unnecessarily scrapped' because trials to test their effectiveness are insufficiently faithful to the original research, a study warns. Researchers ran a large-scale computer simulation to examine how much 'fidelity' compromises the results of school-based trials of new learning innovations and strategies. 'Fidelity' is the extent to which these evaluations adhere to the original research on which the educational intervention is based. At present, more than 60% of interventions are rejected at the evaluation stage because the trials, conducted by organisations such as the What Works Clearinghouse (US) and Education Endowment Foundation (UK), suggest they result in little educational progress. In many cases, however, the fidelity of these trials is not reported. The new study suggests that poor fidelity may mean that sound programmes are being rejected.
- Psychological Methods
MUSC Hollings Cancer Center researcher Sophie Paczesny, M.D., Ph.D., received a $628,188 grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to use machine learning algorithms to improve graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) treatment strategies. Her studies will validate biomarker panels that may help doctors to determine each bone marrow transplant patient’s risk of developing chronic GVHD and adjust his or her immune suppression treatments accordingly.
- NIH/National Cancer Institute