With the origins of the COVID-19 spurring conversations around the consumption and trade of wild animals from the global South, Yale researchers are taking a closer look to understand the role of “bushmeat” to create a more balanced narrative.
- Environmental Research Letters
More than one in two young women between the ages of 20 and 44 who gave birth in the United States in 2019 had poor heart health before becoming pregnant, the study found. Poor heart health puts expectant mothers and their babies at risk, with heart disease causing more than one in four pregnancy-related deaths. “As women, we tend to think about the baby’s health once we become pregnant, but what so many women don’t realize is the very first thing they can do to protect their babies (and themselves) is to get their heart in shape before they even conceive,” said senior study author Dr. Sadiya Khan.
- NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, American Heart Association
MIT researchers developed a desalination system that is more efficient and less expensive than previous methods. In addition to providing fresh water, the process could be used to treat contaminated wastewater or generate steam for sterilizing medical instruments, all without requiring a power source other than sunlight.
- Nature Communications
This study investigated formaldehyde levels in fabrics on the Ghanaian market to de-termine compliance to standards set by the Ghana Standards Authority (GSA) with the aid of ex-perimental procedures. Thirty-two (32) different brands of fabrics were selected for the investiga-tion.
- Current Materials Science
Despite agreement on what constitutes group-level change for the SDMT (4 points), studies of what constitutes meaningful change on the individual level are lacking. To help address this gap, 219 healthy adults were enrolled in the multi-site trial and followed up at 6 months and one year. Results showed reliable change scores of 7 to 9 points at 6 months, and 8 to 12 points at one year. These findings indicate the need for higher cut points for the SDMT on the individual level, suggesting that a change score of 8 would be the recommended cut off at 6 months and one year,
- Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
- National Multiple Sclerosis Society
In a review published in Advanced Photonics, an international team provides a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in the new and fast-developing branch of photonics focused on light–matter interactions in time-varying media. Starting from the basic building blocks of temporal scattering, they review the wide spectrum of opportunities for wave manipulation opened by different forms of time-switching. They look at multiple time-scattering processes, to study periodic and quasiperiodic photonic time-crystals, along with the new directions opened by these constructs for topological physics in the time domain. They discuss the engineering of synthetic frequency dimensions, nonreciprocal gain, and power steering, as well as non-Hermitian time-varying systems, temporal disorder, and surface-wave manipulation achievable through temporal modulation.
- Advanced Photonics