Chemistry & Physics
A sustained focus on spatial reasoning training could turn the UK into a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) powerhouse by improving young people's mathematics skills, according to new research from the University of Surrey.
- Developmental Psychology
Researchers from the European project PIMCity.es, in which the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) participates, have made a set of tools available to the public in order to create solutions for entrepreneurs, startups and SMEs to develop businesses based on personal data.
- Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
Standing in the sun all day, solar cells often become very heated. Over time, this degrades them and lowers their power-conversion efficiency. Integrating radiative coolers can solve this problem at low cost without energy consumption. Now, scientists from Pusan National University, Korea, successfully test their theories on what kind of solar cells work best with radiative coolers, providing novel insights for designing the next generation of highly efficient and long-lasting solar cells.
- Advanced Energy Materials
The future of battery technologies lies in sodium. More sustainable than lithium - which currently powers most of our devices and vehicles - sodium is also abundant on the earth’s surface. The only problem is that its ions do not move easily in the liquid electrolyte of conventional batteries, making it less efficient than lithium. Therefore, the solution lies in the development of a solid electrolyte. A scientific team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) has succeeded in meeting this challenge by modifying the crystal structure of a material composed of carbon, boron and hydrogen (carbo hydridoborate). The research group also defined the ideal pressure to be applied to the battery for it to operate efficiently. These results can be read in the journals ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces and Advanced Materials Interfaces.
- Advanced Materials Interfaces
Yong et al. systematically summarizes the realizations and applications of the superwettability achieved by femtosecond laser. Inspired by nature, superwetting microstructure can be easily prepared on the surface of solid materials by femtosecond laser processing.
- Ultrafast Science
Psychologist Prof. Dr. Rainer Bromme from the University of Münster, together with researchers from the Universities of Zurich and Erfurt and with the participation of "Wissenschaft im Dialog" (Science in Dialogue), studied the Germans' trust in science. The team came to the conclusion that trust in the work of scientists has increased significantly with the pandemic.
- PLoS ONE