Waiting more than 5 hours in emergency care before admission to hospital is linked to a heightened risk of death from any cause within the next 30 days, reveals a study of more than 5 million patients in England and published online in the Emergency Medicine Journal. This can be measured and represented as a ‘number needed to harm metric’, of 1 extra death for every 82 patients delayed after 6-8 hours, conclude the researchers.
- Emergency Medicine Journal
A newly proposed checklist outlines six objectives to strive for in the development of machine-learning algorithms that help clinicians make health care decisions and recommendations for patients. Tyler Loftus of University of Florida Health, Gainesville, and colleagues present this framework in an opinion piece for the open-access journal PLOS Digital Health on January 18, 2022.
Mobile phone-based interventions for mental health: A systematic meta-review of 14 meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials
New study shows that while men do in aggregate have higher case and mortality rates than women this isn’t the case for all men, in all places, at all times. They report that sex disparities for COVID-19 outcomes vary widely across the U.S., across time, and have little to do with the biological differences between men and women.
- Social Science & Medicine
While the American Rescue Plan Act provided a major infusion of economic aid to low-income and middle-class Americans, more should be done to tackle racial wealth inequality and the structural issues in the tax code that allow those at the top of the income distribution to benefit disproportionately from tax subsidies, an Indiana University professor wrote in Yale Law Review.
How people acquire and use knowledge about causal relationships is the focus of a new project at the Georg Elias Müller Institute of Psychology at the University of Göttingen. The Reinhart Koselleck project on "Mechanisms, Capacities, and Dependencies: A New Theory of Causal Reasoning" has been funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). The total funding awarded is 1.25 million euros, spread over five years.