Space & Planetary
Babies learn the difference between "us" and "them" fairly early in life. Social categorization -- the process of dividing the world into groups based on features such as gender, race and nationality -- can be a useful strategy when you're new to the world and trying to process a flood of information with your developing brain, according to UC Santa Barbara developmental, evolutionary and social psychologist Zoe Liberman.
Adverse environmental exposures during pregnancy -- including those that occur before pregnancy is recognized -- have a sizable effect on risk for psychiatric symptoms in childhood. Through the Mass General Early Brain Development Initiative, researchers are working to discover, develop and implement early life interventions that can mitigate some of these risks.
- PLoS ONE
- MGH Department of Psychiatry, Ammon-Pinizzoto Center for Women's Health at MGH, David Judah Fund, , , MGH Early Brain Development Initiative, MGH Executive Committee on Research
Joan W. Bennett, a Distinguished Professor of plant biology and pathology at Rutgers University-New Brunswick, has been elected to the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. She joins neurosurgeon and CNN medical correspondent Sanjay Gupta, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center atmospheric scientist Ann Thompson and media entrepreneur and philanthropist Oprah Winfrey.
To be more energy efficient, many people have replaced their incandescent lights with light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs. However, those currently on the market emit a lot of blue light, which has been linked to eye troubles and sleep disturbances. Now, researchers reporting in <i>ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces</i> have developed a prototype LED that reduces -- instead of masks -- the blue component, while also making colors appear just as they do in natural sunlight.
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
A multi-university team of researchers, led by Prashant Shenoy, distinguished professor in the University of Massachusetts Amherst's College of Information and Computer Sciences (CICS), will be tackling this challenge thanks to a $3 million grant jointly administered by the National Science Foundation and VMware, a private technology cloud-computing company.
Four New York University faculty have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences: Marisa Carrasco, Yann LeCun, Kathryn J. Moore, and Adam Przeworski.