New University of Otago research suggests the brain function of otherwise-healthy individuals exposed to event trauma has the ability to “bounce back” over time once the threat resolves. Researchers led by Dr Katie Douglas at the University of Otago, Christchurch’s Department of Psychological Medicine, conducted a follow-up study on a group of Cantabrians, who had been exposed to trauma during the region’s earthquakes over a decade ago.
- BJPsych Open
The first stroke patient to bring home a brain-controlled exoskeleton, developed at the University of Houston and now in clinical trials, is making history with the next-generation stroke rehabilitation program.
Penn State’s INSIGHT study has trained new mothers in skills that help newborns sleep more during the night. New research from Penn State’s Center for Childhood Obesity Research (CCOR) shows that second children in these families also slept longer.
- NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
In a step toward robots that can learn on the fly like humans do, a new approach expands training data sets for robots that work with soft objects like ropes and fabrics, or in cluttered environments.
- National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Toyota Research Institute
Researchers have shown that a new mid-infrared spectrometer can precisely measure the ratios of different forms of water — known as isotopologues — in atmospheric water vapor through open air in a little over 15 minutes. Isotopologue ratios, which can be affected by land-based water evaporation and plant transpiration, are used to develop models of climate change and to understand how water is transported globally in the atmosphere. These findings will be presented at the Optica Imaging and Applied Optics Congress taking place 11 – 15 July 2022 in Vancouver, BC, Canada.
- Imaging and Applied Optics Congress
A team of researchers from USC, assessing six years of air quality, temperature and death certificate data in a new study in California, found that the risk of death surges when extreme heat and air pollution coincide. The study showed that compared to days without extreme conditions, extreme heat days carried a 6.1% increase in risk of death. On extreme air pollution days, deaths were 5% more likely. But on days with both extreme heat and air pollution, deaths were 21% more likely — a synergistic effect almost double the impact of the individual exposures combined. On extreme exposure days, people over age 75 faced the higher risk. The findings could ultimately help individuals, communities and health care systems prepare for extreme weather and minimize potential harm.
- American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
- NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Southern California Office of Research Strategic Development of Research Award, National Science Foundation