Focusing on a specific vineyard in the Chateauneuf-du-Pape region in the Southern part of France, plant pathologists spent 8 years monitoring more than 60 plants for signs of Grapevine Pinot gris virus (GPGV). Contrary to previous observations in Italy, they observed an explosive propagation of the virus, with more than 75 percent of tested plants becoming infected between 2014 and 2015. Surprisingly, only a marginal number of grapevines tested positive during the remaining five years of the study.
- Phytobiomes Journal
- Plan National Dépérissement du vignoble, Plan National Dépérissement du vignoble, Moët & Chandon, Comité Interprofessionnel du vin de Champagne, Bureau Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bourgogne, Comité Interprofessionnel des Vins d’Alsace
The long-term risks of living in space include bone loss, cosmic radiation and muscle weakness, so leaving gravity behind certainly has its obstacles – and yet, that doesn’t stop people from venturing out of the stratosphere. Some of these potential hurdles have already been studied extensively or are currently being investigated, but researchers at MUSC Health have found an important but underserved area of space to study: the brain and gravity’s effect on eyesight.
- JAMA Network Open
Advanced medical help is often unavailable to expeditionary and isolated warfighters, and even minor wounds can become infected and escalate rapidly to a life-threatening situation. Improved wound monitoring and treatment will help wounded warfighters receive the medical attention they need to ensure their survival and resilience.
A new technique to evaluate the quality of kidneys before transplantation has the potential to increase the number of usable donor kidneys. The method uses highly sensitive spectroscopy analysis to detect two biomarkers that can indicate kidney injury and provides a non-invasive alternative to biopsies for assessing kidney health.
- Optics Express
Researchers reporting in ACS’ Analytical Chemistry have developed a CRISPR-based assay that can sensitively and non-invasively detect a biomarker of acute kidney rejection in urine. This could someday help diagnose rejection earlier and without a biopsy.
- Analytical Chemistry
According to an article in ARRS’ American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), brain volume measurements in memory-impaired patients show significant differences and systematic biases between conventional and ultrafast 3D T1-weighted (T1W) MRI sequences.
- American Journal of Roentgenology