Chemistry & Physics
Scientists have been relentlessly working on understanding the fundamental mechanisms at the base of high-temperature superconductivity with the ultimate goal to design and engineer new quantum materials superconducting close to room temperature.
- Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovation
A team of international experts has published a roadmap for creating a digital twin of the immune system. Patterned after digital twins used in industry to test innovations on a model, the digital twin would create a virtual immune system tailored to individuals. Physicians could use this model to develop precision treatments based on a person's genetics and personal history. It could answer questions why some people react differently to COVID-19 infection, for example, or design precise immunosuppressant therapy for transplant patients, or allow pharmaceutical companies to more quickly bring drugs to market.
- npj Digital Medicine
- NIH/National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation
Real data gathered by volunteers was combined with new computer models for the first time to reveal which UK moth species are struggling to expand into new regions and the landscape barriers restricting their movement. Farmland and suburban moths were found to be struggling most, with hills or regions with variable temperatures acting as barriers. This has implications for British wildlife being forced to move to adapt to climate change, and habitat restoration in challenging areas could help wildlife movement.
- Global Change Biology
- NERC, UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Satellites and drones can provide key information to protect pollinators.
- Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Nagoya University researchers shed light on the way Quetzalcoatlus would have flown, finding that the dinosaur's flying dynamics were actually very different to how it has been depicted in popular culture.
- PNAS Nexus
Nowadays, holography translates from a pure technical tool for recording phase and amplitude of the light wave to a widely applicable research based method. In this work, a method of manufacturing binary holograms out of biopolymers and different bioactive substances (antibiotics, dyes, etc.) is proposed. This approach broadens the application of general holography over to the field of biomedical research relevant to quantitative monitoring of the drug elution.
- Light: Advanced Manufacturing
- Siberian State Medical University, Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation