A new study delves into the evolution and function of the human growth hormone receptor gene, and asks what forces in humanity’s past may have driven changes to this vital piece of DNA. Findings will be published on Sept. 24 in Science Advances.
- Science Advances
Spotting changes in the heart’s electrical activity may prompt more-aggressive treatment and monitoring
- The American Journal of Cardiology
Pregnant people are often excluded from research without clear justification, even when there is little harm to the fetus in minimal‐risk research. In this issue of Ethics & Human Research, ob/gyn Amina White and colleagues survey current and former institutional review board personnel to find out their interpretations of “minimal risk” to identify factors that might influence IRB decisions to approve research with those who are pregnant. Also in this issue, an ethics review in the Covid‐19 era; designs for an observational toxicology study involving intoxicated patients; and an essay on making metrics meaningful in human research protection programs.
Dr. Daniel Pauly is the world’s most-cited fisheries scientist, but life for the UBC professor has been far from easy. The biracial son of a French woman and an American GI, he was born in Paris and kidnapped as a child to be a live-in servant for a Swiss family. Dr. Pauly went on to blow the whistle on the devastation caused to marine ecosystems by the global fishing industry, and to become a marine scientist whose work received worldwide recognition. Now, readers can learn more in his biography, The Ocean’s Whistleblower, available this week.
Dialysis centers, the gatekeepers of kidney transplantation waitlisting, produce more data and inspire more policies today than ever before. However, existing Dialysis Facility Compare (DFC) quality metrics for these centers have not included longitudinal metrics, such as time to transplantation waitlisting, which incentivize coordinating care across the spectrum of dialysis centers, nephrologists, hospitals, and transplant centers. A new study by a team of Brigham and Women’s Hospital researchers aimed to fill this gap by investigating potential associations between patient, facility, and waitlisting characteristics and a center’s DFC ratings.
- JAMA Network Open
- American Society of Transplant Surgeons, CareDx Enhancing Organ Donation & Transplantation grant
Thousands of years ago, Ancient Siberian societies that were thought to be isolated traded their dogs with outside populations, new research from University of Copenhagen finds. The trading could have happened due to the usefulness of the dogs in hunting, herding and sledding, explains lead author of the study.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences