In many streams and rivers, water moves between the open channel and the adjacent groundwater, enabling reactions that can remove or transform carbon, contaminants, and nutrients. Researchers developed a new modeling strategy to represent these effects in watershed-scale models. The new model addresses current models’ limited ability to simulate how carbon, nutrients, and contaminants move and transform in river corridors and allows for a new generation of research on river networks.
- Frontiers in Water
Montale in northern Italy can have been one of the earliest centres in Europe for production of wool during the Bronze Age. Production may also have been on an industrial scale. Archaeologist Serena Sabatini has drawn this conclusion after having analysed archaeological finds in the form of textile tools and teeth from sheep and goats.
- Journal of Archaeological Science
A Chinese research team has found that continued global warming may lead to shorter floral life of plants, according to the Kunming Institute of Botany under the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
- New Phytologist
Foregrounding nonpartisan experts and emphasising bipartisanship leads to broader public support for pandemic management measures. The approach can be useful beyond combatting COVID-19, says SMU Assistant Professor Kimin Eom.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The protective outer layer of our eyes, called the tear film, contains thousands of proteins, which provide clues about wellness and disease, and scientists have fine-tuned what they say is a non-invasive and efficient way to look at those clues.
- International Journal of Molecular Sciences
- National Eye Institute
Physical and engineering adaptation measures are effective in the face of events such as flooding. However, some of these are too specific to tackle other extreme events – such as heat waves or pluvial floods – which are expected in the Metropolitan City of Venice. Preparing the Venice lagoon for upcoming challenges means improving the entire system’s resilience by combining different risk management initiatives, including flexible measures that are effective against a wide range of climate hazards. A study by the CMCC Foundation and Ca’Foscari University Venice.
- Risk Analysis
Astrocytes, supporting cells that in part modulate the activity of neurons responsible for breathing, respond to low oxygen levels by highly expressing the protein TRPA1, thereby modulating respiratory neurons. This has been shown to help more mice breathe.
- Current Biology
- Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on the Inno- vative Area
The aboveground portions of plants release particles such as fungal spores, pollen, bacteria, viruses, algae, and cell debris that can act as the nuclei of cloud droplets and ice crystals. A multi-institutional team of researchers has reported the first characterization of biological particles produced over the life cycle of Brachypodium distachyon, a wild but commonly used model grass. This will help scientists understand the role of these plant particle releases on the Earth’s climate.
- ACS Earth and Space Chemistry
Co-workers who team up to solve problems or work on projects can benefit when they have less in common and take turns spotlighting their different expertise, according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin. The findings have implications for how managers can better form and manage teams so all voices are heard.
- Academy of Management Journal